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A Sample Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan Template. Are you about library starting a cattle rearing farm for beef? If YES, here is a complete sample cattle rearing business plan template feasibility study you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a cattle farming business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample cattle marketing plan template backed up by vendetta essay actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for cattle rearing businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Although this might not be the type of business that might appeal to a lot of people, but then this is one trade that can make you a millionaire overnight. It doesn’t come so easy, but you can be sure that once all the ropes have been learnt, you will make loads of cash from it. To start with, you may want to consider going on the internet to read up a whole lot about the trade, as well as get information from those who are already in it. Writing a business plan will also be a worthy step to take as you start out.

This is because business plans are like maps that help you chart a good course for your business. You will need to garner plenty of information about your business that will help you have a solid plan in place. You will need to library have the following information; your marketing strategies and plans, how you plan to source for funds, the various strengths and weaknesses that you may have and everyday use essay, what have you. Below is a sample cattle rearing business plan template; A Sample Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan Template. The agricultural industry of which livestock farming or better still cattle rearing is a subset of is no doubt among the library leading industry in most countries of the army essay on respect world; it is the industry that produce food for the populace and raw materials for industries. Because of the significant role the essays library agriculture sector plays, the government of most countries ensures that they go all the way to subsidize seedlings, fertilizers, and army essay, farming implements and machinery for farmers and also encourage entrepreneurs to go into various kind of essays, farming including cattle rearing.

There are several business opportunities available in the agricultural industry and one good thing about the essay industry is that there is library, market for all the produce from the industry. Cattle rearing is of course a thriving and profitable business because usefulness of beef and other by products from cattle. People eat beef, drink their milk, and use their fur and skin. With cattle milk, cheese can be made, along with other dairy products. The Beef Cattle Farming industry is indeed a large industry and pretty much active in ambition essay countries such as United States of America, Israel, Argentine, Holland, Egypt, China, Germany, Turkey and Nigeria et al. Essays Library? There is no single livestock farming company that has dominate market share in krakatoa report the industry hence smaller cattle rearing business can successfully make profits. Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 38,184registered and licensed livestock farming business responsible for employing about 62,463and the essays industry rakes in a whooping sum of $13 billion annually. Essay? The industry is essays library, projected to enjoy 3.1 percent annual growth. If you are looking towards leveraging on vendetta, the agriculture industry to generate huge income, then one of your best bet is to essays library start cattle rearing business. Cattle rearing business is all about book mass – breeding of essays library, cattle ( cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and report, calf et al ) for library, the sole aim of making profits.

In most cases it is referred to as livestock farming business. One thing is army essay, certain about library cattle rearing business, if you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies, you are more likely not going to v for struggle to sell your cattle and its products because there are loads of library, people out there we eat beef, drink milk and industries that make use of byproducts from cattle in book manufacturing their products. Over and essays library, above there are few barriers to entry into the livestock production industry. Usually, all inputs are readily available. In the nearest future, players in this industry may face the highest costs associated with accessing technology, especially in relation to genetic modification engineering in livestock breeding. So also, intellectual property rights protecting new inventions and army essay on respect, technology may mean that new entrepreneurs coming into the industry will need to pay license fees and this of course will cause increase in the start – up fee for starting a livestock breeding / cattle rearing business. Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan Executive Summary. Perry Coleman and essays library, Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is a registered and licensed livestock farming company that will be based in the outskirt of Dallas, Texas – United States. We have done our detailed market research and feasibility studies and we were able to secure a hundred acres of land to build our cattle ranch and start our cattle rearing business. Our cattle ranch / cattle rearing business is a going to walker be standard one hence will be involved in essays commercial breeding of cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and calf et al.

We will also be involved in boarding services, breeding services, dairy support services, livestock health services, farrier services, and shearing services as well. Everyday Use Essay? In the essays library nearest future, hopefully within the first five years of officially running Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC, we will start our meat processing plant and milk processing plant and also start exporting our products to other parts of the world. Which is why aside from the fact that we’ve secured the required farming land for breeding cattle in commercial level, we have also hired some key employees who are currently undergoing training so as to be able to fit into the ideal picture of the 21 st century cattle rearing business workforce that we want to build. We are in the cattle rearing business because we want to leverage on the vast opportunities available in the livestock farming industry, to contribute our quota in growing the U.S. economy, in keep body essay national food (meat) production, raw materials production for industries, to export agriculture produce from the United States to other countries and over and above to make profit. Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is essays library, well positioned to become one of the leading cattle rearing business in the United States of America, which is how to healthy body, why we have been able to source for the best hands and equipment to run the business. We have put process and strategies in place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to cattle rearing processes, meat and milk processing and packaging as required by the regulating bodies in essays the United States of America.

Perry Coleman and walker use essay, Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is a private registered livestock farming company that is owned by library Perry Coleman and everyday, family. The company will be fully and single handedly financed by library the owner – Perry Coleman and his immediate family members at least for a period of time. Before starting Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC, Perry Coleman has worked with some of the leading livestock farms in the United States of America. He has worked in essay organizer the industry for well over library 10 years before resigning to start his own cattle rearing business. Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is a licensed livestock farming business that is committed to cattle rearing, meat and army essay, milk processing and packaging for both the United States’ market and library, the global market. We will also produce related raw materials for essay, industries in commercial quantities.

We will also ensure that we operate a standard food processing plant as part of our complimentary business offering. These are the areas we will concentrate on in our livestock farming business. Library? If need arises we will definitely add more related animal breeding services to essay our list; Boarding services Breeding services Dairy support services Livestock health services Farrier services Sale and export of cotton wool and other dairy products Sale of Cattle and milk Sale of processed meat (beef) / can beef (Processed Diary foods, and can beef et al) Shearing services Livestock farming related consultancy and advisory services. Our Vision is to become one of the leading cattle rearing business brands not just in Dallas – Texas, but also in the United States of America. Our mission is to sell our produce ( cattle, beef and milk ), byproducts and processed meat in commercial quantities both locally, nationally and internationally. We want to build a cattle rearing business that can favorably compete with other leading livestock farming / cattle rearing brands in the United States of America and in the globe. Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is a cattle rearing company that intend starting small in library Dallas Texas, but hope to essay organizer grow big in order to library compete favorably with leading cattle rearing and livestock farms in the industry both in the United States and on a global stage. We are aware of the importance of ambition essay, building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of library, world class business we want to how to own. This is why we are committed to library only hire the best hands in and around Dallas. At Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, dedicated, customer centric and are ready to work to in life help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the essays library stake holders ( the owners, workforce, and customers ). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to ambition in life essay all our senior management staff and it will be based on library, their performance for essay writing graphic organizer, a period of five years or more as agreed by the management of the farm.

In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and essays, competent hands to occupy the following positions; Below is the business structure of Perry Coleman and in life, Family Cattle Ranch, LLC; Chief Operating Officer General Farm Manager Administrator / Accountant Cattle Ranch Manager / Supervisor Sales and Marketing Executive Field Employees Front Desk Officer. Roles and Responsibilities. Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by essays library recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the critical development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for signing checks and essays library, documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the essay graphic success of the organization. Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities across the various sections on behalf of the organization Supervises other section manager Ensures compliance during project executions Provides advice on the management of farming activities across all section Responsible for carrying out risk assessment Using IT systems and software to keep track of people and progress of the library growth of crops, fishes, birds and animals Responsible for report, overseeing the accounting, costing and sale of essays, farm produce after harvest Represent the organization’s interest at various stakeholders meetings Ensures that farming goals desired result are achieved, the most efficient resources (manpower, equipment, tools and chemicals et al) are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied.

Responsible for essay, preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defines job positions for essays library, recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversees the smooth running of the daily farming activities across the various farming sections. Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for how to keep, the organization Responsible for essays library, financial forecasting and risks analysis. Essay? Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for the company Serves as internal auditor for the company. Cattle Ranch and Animal Manager / Supervisor. Essays? Responsible for v for, managing the commercial breeding of cattle (cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and library, calf et al) Responsible for managing boarding services, breeding services, dairy support services, livestock health services, farrier services, and shearing services et al. Works closely with the General Manager to achieve the organizations’ goals and objectives. Sales and Marketing Officer. Identifies, prioritizes, and reaches out to new partners, and walker everyday, business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on essays, development leads and contacts; participates in graphic organizer the structuring and financing of essays, new business Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with company policy Responsible for essay graphic, handling business research, marker surveys and feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and essays, information Represents the company in essay strategic meetings Helps to increase sales and growth for the company. Field Workers / Contract Staff.

Responsible for library, feeding cattle and other livestock as instructed by the supervisor Responsible for cleaning the cattle ranch Change the krakatoa report water in the water trough / trench as instructed by the supervisor on a regular basis Handles farm implements and machines as instructed by essays the section manager / supervisor Assists in handling the breeding of cattle Carries out task in line with the on respect stated job description Assist in transport working tools and equipment from the essays library farm and writing graphic organizer, back to the designated store room Handles any other duties as assigned by the farm manager. Client Service Executive / Front Desk Officer. Welcomes guests and clients by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by library the cattle ranch manager in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the company’s products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and walker everyday use essay, helpful information is supplied to clients Receives parcels / documents for the company Distributes mails in the organization Handles any other duties as assigned my the line manager. Cattle Farming Business Plan SWOT Analysis.

Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC do not intend to launch out with trial and error hence the need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis. We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard cattle rearing business that will favorably compete with leading cattle rearing / livestock farms in the United States of America and in the rest part of the world. As a cattle rearing business, we look forward to maximizing our strength and opportunities and also to work around our weaknesses and threats. Here is a summary from the result of the essays library SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC; Our strength as a cattle rearing business is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of army essay, major players (agriculture merchants) in the livestock farming industry; both suppliers and buyers within and outside of the United States. We have some of the latest cattle rearing machines; tools and equipment that will help us breed our cattle (cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and calf et al) in commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in cattle rearing / livestock farming industry in our payroll. Our weakness could be that we are a new cattle rearing business in the United States and we may not have the required cash to pump into library, the publicity of our business. We are aware of this and walker, from our projection will overcome this weakness with time and essays, turn it to a major advantage for the business. Krakatoa Book? The opportunities that are available to us cannot be quantified, we know that there are loads of homeowners, and industries that will source for cattle ( cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and calf et al ), beef, and milk and also industries that will source for essays, the raw materials from our livestock farms both in the United States of America and ambition in life, other parts of the world.

Some of the threats and challenges that you are likely going to face when you start your own cattle rearing are global economic downturn that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters ( draughts, epidemics ), unfavorable government policies and the arrival of a competitor ( a commercial farm that rear same animals ) as our cattle ranch within same location. There is hardly anything you can do as regards this threats and challenges other than to be optimistic that things will continue to work for your good. Library? Cattle Farming Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. One of the common trends in the commercial cattle rearing or livestock farming line of business is that most players in the industry are no longer concentrating only on farming a particular species of livestock or just livestock / cattle farming alone. They now find it easier to run both livestock farming and crop cultivation.

Some even go ahead to include meat and ambition in life, milk processing and packaging business alongside their product offerings; it helps them maximize profits in the agriculture industry. Despite the fact that commercial cattle rearing / livestock farming has been in existence since time immemorial, that does not in any way make the industry to be over essays saturated; commercial cattle farmers are exploring new technology to continue to improve cattle rearing processes and also meat and milk preservation and packaging process. The fact that there is always a ready market for cattle (cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and calf et al) makes the business ever green. Writing? As a matter of fact, one of the essays library new trends in livestock farming industry is that with the in life recent advancement in technology livestock farmers can now improve the various breeds of the essays library animals they are breeding. As a matter of fact, it is now easier for v for vendetta critical essay, livestock farmers to comfortably import the library kind of breed of army on respect, domestic animal they want to breed from any country of their choice and also advancement in technology has made it easier to cross – breed different animal. Essays? Naturally, the target market of those who are the end consumer of livestock farm produce and how to healthy body, also those who benefits from the business value chain of the agriculture industry is all encompassing; it is far – reaching. Every household consumes produce from livestock farms be it meat, milk, and the skin (leather) used for bags, belts and shoes production et al. So also a large chunk of manufacturing companies depends on livestock farms for some of their raw materials.

In essence a cattle farmer should be able to essays sell his or her farm produce to as many people as possible. We will ensure that we position our business to walker everyday attract consumers of agriculture produce not just in essays the United States of America alone but also other parts of the world which is why we will be exporting some of our farm produce either in raw form or processed form to other countries of the world. It is easier to find entrepreneur flocking towards an industry that is known to generate consistent income which is everyday use essay, why there are more cattle ranches in the United States of America and of course in most parts of the world. For example, Statistics has it that there were 2.2 million farms in the United States of America, covering an area of 922 million acres. These goes to show that there are appreciable numbers of farmers in the United States of America but that does not mean that there is stiffer competition in library the industry. As a matter of fact, entrepreneurs are encouraged by the government to embrace commercial farming / livestock farming. This is so because part of the success of any nation is her ability to cultivate her own food and essay writing graphic, also export foods to other nations of the world. Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is fully aware that there are competitions when it comes to selling livestock and meats all over the globe, which is why we decided to carry out thorough research so as to library know how to take advantage of the how to keep healthy body essay available market in the United States and in other parts of the world. We have done our homework and we have been able to essays highlight some factors that will give us competitive advantage in the marketplace; some of the factors are effective and army on respect, reliable livestock farming processes that can help us sell our livestock and processed meat and milk at competitive prices, good network and excellent relationship management. Another competitive advantage that we are bringing to the industry is the fact that we have designed our business in such a way that we will operate an all – round standard commercial livestock farms that will be involved in library diverse areas such as animal rearing and meat and milk processing and packaging plant. With this, we will be able to take advantage of all the available opportunities within the industry.

Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be amongst the best in the industry meaning that they will be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our objectives as a standard commercial cattle rearing business with a meat and milk processing and packaging plant. Cattle Farming Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. We are quite aware that the reason why some commercial livestock farms hardly make good profits is their inability to sell off their livestock to a larger market. In view of that, we decided to set up a standard meat and milk processing and packing plant to help us maximize profits. Over and above, we have perfected our sale and on respect, marketing strategies first by networking with agriculture merchants and companies that rely on raw materials from the livestock farming industry who are likely to refer become our customers. In summary, Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC will adopt the following strategies in marketing our cattle rearing produce; Introduce our business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stake holders in the agriculture industry, companies that rely on the livestock farming industry for their raw materials, hotels and restaurants and agriculture produce merchant et al.

Advertise our business and livestock farms in agro – allied and food related magazines and library, websites List our commercial livestock farms on yellow pages ads (local directories) Attend related agriculture and food expos, seminars, and business fairs et al Leverage on walker everyday, the internet to promote our business Engage in essays direct marketing Encourage the use of word of mouth marketing (referrals) Perry Coleman and essay writing, Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is in the livestock breeding industry for the purpose of maximizing profits hence we have decided to explore all the library available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and objectives. In essence we are not going to rely only on the sale of our livestock to generate income for the business. Below are the essay sources we intend exploring to essays generate income for Perry Coleman and ambition, Family Cattle Ranch, LLC; Sale and export of cotton wool and other dairy products Sale of Cattle(cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and library, calf et al) and milk Sale of processed meat (beef) / can beef (Processed Diary foods, and can beef et al) Boarding services Breeding services Dairy support services Livestock health services Farrier services Shearing services Livestock farming related consultancy and advisory services. From the survey conducted, we were able to writing graphic discover that the library sales generated by a commercial livestock farm / cattle rearing business depends on the size of the ranch, the network of the business. We have perfected or sales and marketing strategies and we are set to keep hit the ground running and essays library, we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target of generating enough income / profits from the year of operations and build the business from survival to sustainability. We have been able to critically examine the cattle rearing industry cum commercial livestock farm business and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the on respect following sales forecast. The sales projection is essays, based on information gathered on the field and some workable assumptions as well with respect to the nature of cattle rearing business that we run. Ambition In Life Essay? Below are the essays library projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC; N.B : This projection is everyday use essay, done based on what is obtainable in the industry and essays, with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies.

Some of the army factors that will help you sell your farm produce at the right price that will guarantee that you make profits is dependent on your strategy while some of the factors are beyond your control. For example, if the essays library climatic condition is army on respect, unfavorable and if there is natural disaster in the location where you have your commercial livestock farm, then it will directly affect the prices of your livestock. Over and above, if you want to get the right pricing for essays, your livestock, then you should ensure that you choose a good location for your cattle ranch, choose a good breed that will guarantee steady and multiple breeding (prolific breeds), cut the v for critical cost of running your farm to the barest minimum and of course try as much as possible to attract buyers to library your farm as against taking your livestock or even your produce to the market to source for buyers; with this, you would have successfully eliminate the cost of transporting the goods to the market and other logistics. Graphic Organizer? We are quite aware that one of the easiest means of library, penetrating the in life market and acquiring loads of customers for library, all our cattle rearing produce is to sell them at competitive prices hence we will do all we can to ensure that the prices of our livestock and processed and packaged beef and milk are going to be what other commercial livestock farmers would look towards beating. One thing is certain; the critical essay nature of cattle rearing business we are involved in makes it possible for farmers to place prices for their livestock / farm products based on their discretion without following the benchmark in the industry. The truth is that it is one of the means of avoiding running into loss.

The easier you sell off your livestock when they are mature the better for your business. The payment policy adopted by Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America. Here are the payment options that Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC will make available to essays her clients; Payment via bank transfer Payment with cash Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our client make payment for farm produces purchase without any stress on their part. Army Essay On Respect? Cattle Farming Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.

Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means ( both conventional and non – conventional means ) to advertise and promote the business. We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to build our brand via every available means. We know that it is important to create strategies that will help us boost our brand awareness and to create a corporate identity for our cattle rearing business. Below are the platforms we want to leverage on to boost our cattle rearing brand and to library promote and advertise our business; Place adverts on both print (newspapers and healthy essay, magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community based events / programs Leverage on essays, the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to everyday promote our business Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Dallas Texas Engage in library road show from time to time in targeted neighborhoods Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Contact corporate organizations and residence in book our target areas by calling them up and informing them of Perry Coleman and essays, Family Cattle Ranch, LLC and the farm produce we sell List our commercial livestock farms in local directories / yellow pages Advertise our commercial cattle ranch in our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site. Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles and army, trucks are well branded with our company logo et al. Cattle Farming Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing. When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a cattle rearing business / commercial livestock farm, there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The most important expenses is the construction of the essays library cattle ranch / cages / fencing as the case may be.

For example, the start – up cost for a fish farm is different from the start – up cost for mechanized crop farming, so also the start – up cost for poultry farming is different from the start – up cost of walker use essay, cattle ranch (dairy farm) et al. As a matter of fact, if you choose to start a mechanized crop farming, then you should be willing to raise huge capital base to start the business. This is essays, so because some cultivation machines / equipment can be pretty expensive. Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our start – up capital in ambition setting up our cattle rearing business / cattle ranch; The Total Fee for incorporating the Business in essays library United States of walker everyday use essay, America $750. Essays? The budget for key insurance policies, permits and business license $2,500 The amount needed to acquire / lease a farm land $150,000 The amount required for preparing the farm land (for construction of army, cattle ranch and cages / fencing et al et al) $100,000 The cost for acquiring the essays required working tools and equipment / machines / fencing et al– $50,000 The amount required for how to keep body essay, purchase of the essays first set of cattle (cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and essay organizer, calf et al) $150,000 The Cost of Launching an official Website $600 The amount required for essays, payment of workers for a period of 3 months $100,000 Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) $2,000. Ambition In Life Essay? Going by the report from library, detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of $650,000 to start a standard cattle rearing / commercial livestock farming business in the United States of America. Generating Funding / Startup Jonah Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC. No matter how fantastic your business idea might be, if you don’t have the required money to finance the business, the business might not become a reality. Finance is a very important factor when it comes to starting a business such as cattle rearing.

No doubt raising start – up capital for a business might not come cheap, but it is a task that an entrepreneur must go through. Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is a family owned business and report, it will be financed by the owners of the essays cattle ranch – Perry Coleman and family. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for Jonah Livingston and Family Farms Ltd; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the graphic organizer startup capital from the bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to library generate about $200,000 (Personal savings $150,000 and soft loan from family members $50,000 ) and we are at the final stages of walker everyday, obtaining a loan facility of $450,000 from our bank. Essays? All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and report, any moment from now our account will be credited.

CATTLE FARMING BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of library, loyal customers that they have the capacity and graphic, competence of the employees, their investment strategy and essays, the business structure. Krakatoa Book? If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Essays? One of v for vendetta essay, our major goals of starting Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC is to essays library build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to sell our farm produce ( livestock and processed beef and vendetta, milk ) a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on essays library, lower profit margin for a while. Perry Coleman and Family Cattle Ranch, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and ambition, processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our organization’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and library, training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy. As a matter of on respect, fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to essays library all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for writing organizer, a period of five years or more as determined by the management of the organization. We know that if that is essays, put in place, we will be able to how to keep body essay successfully hire and library, retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to army essay help us build the business of our dreams.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in essays library the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for in life essay, business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of essays, Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of farm land in Dallas Texas: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Start – up Capital Generation: Completed Writing of report, Business Plan: Completed Drafting of library, Employee’s Handbook: Completed Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of essay organizer, employees: In Progress Building /construction of cages and essays, fence et al: In Progress Purchase of the needed working tools, machines and equipment: Completed Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for vendetta, the business (Business PR): In Progress Farm land Treatment, Health and Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry (agriculture farm produce merchants and transporter / haulage): Completed.

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resume total Modelo de sociedad. (Neuchâtel, Suiza, 9/08/1896 - Ginebra, 16/09/1980), epistemólogo, psicólogo, biólogo, creador de la epistemología genética y famoso por sus aportes en el campo de la psicología genética , sus estudios sobre la infancia y su teoría del desarrollo cognoscitivo. El modelo de sociedad que él concibe está basada en el respeto por los derechos de las personas, como seres libres en sus decisiones con completa autonomía moral. Library! Una sociedad donde las personas puedan decir lo que piensan y tengan la capacidad de adaptarse a los cambios.

Aspira a una sociedad de hombres creadores y llenos de inventiva que tengan la capacidad de descubrir y de diferenciar entre la verdad y lo que es mera opinión. El modelo de hombre debe ser capaz de hacer cosas nuevas y no solo de repetir lo ya existente. Essay Writing! Debe tener una mente crítica con anhelos de verdad y que no acepte gratuitamente todo lo que se les ofrece. Library! Este modelo de hombre esta en una continua construcción. 1. Ambition Essay! Los objetivos pedagógicos deben, además de estar centrados en el niño, partir de las actividades del alumno. 2. Essays Library! Los contenidos no se perciben como fines, sino como instrumentos al servicio del desarrollo evolutivo natural. 3. How To Keep Body Essay! El principio básico de la metodología piagetiana es la primicia del método de descubrimiento. 4. Essays Library! El aprendizaje es un proceso constructivo interno.

5. Krakatoa Book! El aprendizaje depende del nivel de desarrollo del sujeto. 6. Library! El aprendizaje es un proceso de reorganización cognitiva. 7. Essay Writing Graphic! En el desarrollo del aprendizaje son importantes los conflictos cognitivos o contradicciones cognitivas. 8. Library! La interacción social favorece el aprendizaje. 9. V For Vendetta Critical Essay! La experiencia física supone una toma de conciencia de la realidad.

10. Essays! Las experiencias de aprendizaje deben estructurarse de manera que se privilegie la cooperación, la colaboración y el intercambio de puntos de vista en la búsqueda conjunta del conocimiento (aprendizaje interactivo). Realmente se llamaba Aristocles, (427 a. Krakatoa Report! C. Library! 347 a. Book Report! C.) fue un filósofo griego , alumno de Sócrates y maestro de Aristóteles , de familia noble y aristocrática . Library! Platón (junto a Aristóteles) es quién determinó gran parte del corpus de creencias centrales tanto del pensamiento occidental como del hombre corriente (sentido común) y pruebas de ello son la noción de Verdad y la división entre doxa (opinión) y episteme (ciencia). Esta propuesto a través de su obra “La Republica” un modelo de sociedad ideal dirigido por filósofos gobernantes y defendido por soldados que en conjunto conformaran el Estado, para una pueblo que trabajara la templaza en sus quehaceres diarios como el cultivo, el cuidado de animal o la alfarería. On Respect! Esta sociedad gobernada por líderes preparados como los filósofos tendrá como premisa la justicia y el bien para todos. Essays! Las influencias primeras de Platón le dan un grado de politización que plasma en esta obra donde se proyecta una sociedad ideal con estructuras y procesos definidos.

Habla también de instituciones que regirán al hombre común como la familia. A través de la mitología explica que le hombre en un comienzo era divino y fue condenado a vivir en este mundo sensible alejado de la realidad ósea del mundo de las ideas, esto queda en manifiesto en se relato “la alegoría de la caverna” Podríamos inferir de alguna manera las reglas dispuestas por La Academia, es clave un dato por ejemplo el ser una de las primeras instituciones que promueven una finalidad a través de la educación, una sociedad justa. Krakatoa Report! En esta sede de la matemática y la dialéctica griega donde brillaron hombres como Aristóteles, en su frontispicio figuraba la siguiente inscripción: “Nadie entre aquí sin saber geometría”. Library! El estudio de las diferentes partes de las matemáticas constituía la propedéutica necesaria a la dialéctica; podríamos mencionar como regla que la instrucción de esta ultima disciplina solo debía darse después de los treinta años según Platón, ya que antes de esa edad podría representar un peligro. Nació en Chiaravalle, Italia el 31/08/1870 al 06/05/1952.

Realiza estudios de medicina en la Universidad de Roma, donde se graduó en 1884, convirtiéndose así en la primera mujer médico en Italia. Walker Everyday! En 1902 empieza sus estudios de pedagogía, psicología experimental y antropología. Library! Crea en Roma la Escuela Ortofrénica, de la cual fue directora hasta 1900. Fue maestra de antropología pedagógica en la Universidad de Roma (1900-1907) y es invitada a organizar escuelas infantiles de todo el territorio romano. Army Essay! Su primera Casa de Bambini, inaugurada en 1907. Essays Library! Dicha casa hogar se convierte en el origen del método educativo Montessori, el cual comienza a ser puesto en práctica en este mismo lugar. Italia - Dictadura fascista de Benito Mussolini.

En este punto, María Montessori, es específica al momento de recalcar que para obtener una sociedad más justa, es necesario que la educación se enfoque principalmente en los niños y que esta sea capaz de entregarles todas las herramientas para que ellos se desenvuelvan asertivamente en la sociedad y así naturalmente obtengan una sociedad en armonía. Por todos estos hechos de inestabilidad mundial, la visión de Montessori hacia el hombre reflejaba decepción, es por esto que su esperanza de mejora el mundo, radicaba en los niños, en quienes veía a futuros hombres con visión de paz y respeto hacia los demás. Los conocimientos no deben ser introducidos dentro de la cabeza de los niños. Lo más importante es motivar a los niños a aprender con gusto y permitirles satisfacer la curiosidad y experimentar el placer de descubrir ideas propias. Permitir que el niño encuentre la solución de los problemas. Vendetta Critical Essay! A menos que sea muy necesario, no aportar desde afuera conocimientos. Con respecto a la competencia, este comportamiento debía ser introducido solo después de que el niño tuviera confianza en el uso de los conocimientos básicos. Consideraba no se podían crear genios pero sí, darle a cada individuo la oportunidad de satisfacer sus potencialidades para que sea un ser humano independiente, seguro y equilibrado.

Otro de sus conceptos innovadores fue que cada niño marca su propio paso o velocidad para aprender y esos tiempos hay que respetarlos. Todas estas disciplinas se desarrollan a partir de actividades de los niños, de lecciones o de juegos. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (Zúrich 12 de enero de 1746-17 de febrero de 1827) fue uno de los primeros pensadores que podemos denominar como pedagogo en el sentido moderno del término, pues ya había pedagogos desde la época de los griegos. Essays Library! Su padre era cirujano de profesión, pero murió cuando Johann Heinrich era aún muy pequeño, de modo que creció con su madre. Army Essay On Respect! Como profetizando su obra y pensamiento, se caracterizó por ser un niño desobediente, desordenado y con pocos logros escolares en su niñez. El principal objetivo era integrar a niños de escasos recursos a la vida social, a través de la enseñanza de un oficio. Library! Pensaba que sus propios alumnos -a largo plazo- serían los educadores del mañana.

El niño, como el hombre, quiere el bien para si mismo. Vendetta Essay! Por lo cual debemos conducirlo, no hacia nuestra concepción de lo que es correcto, sino hacia su propia idea de lo que es bueno. Partir de las cosas simples a las complejas. Essays! La educación sólo podía realizarse conforme una ley y armonía con la naturaleza. • Lo importante es el niño. • Enfatizó las actividades manuales y le dio importancia a las actividades espontáneas del niño.

• Enseñar con afecto y la madre es la primera persona que educa. • Su método se funda en la acción, tanto porque el niño encuentra por sí solo los diversos elementos del saber al igual que los desarrollos sucesivos a través de construcciones, donde el niño substituye el libro con su experiencia personal, las imágenes con la naturaleza y los objetos, razonamientos y las abstracciones con ejercicios hechos. Keep Body Essay! Se recurre a la acción en todas sus modalidades y formas. Library! El niño observa, investiga, recoge materiales para sus colecciones, experimenta más que estudia, actúa más que aprende. Juan Amos Comenio nació en la región de Moravia en 1592. Ambition! Elaboró varios novedosos métodos de pedagogía, muchos de los que siguen siendo utilizados gasta la actualidad. Se dedicó a la reforma de la enseñanza en varios países y continuó escribiendo.Los últimos 14 años de su vida los pasó en los Países Bajos desarrollando actividades para la Unión de los Hermanos Checos y escribiendo libros de teología y filosofía. Essays Library! En Ámsterdam publicó su obra Didáctica Magna, en la que desarrolló la idea de la enseñanza universal, que llevaría a la reforma de la sociedad en general. Falleció en Ámsterdam en 1670. Época que Europa se caracterizaba por profundas grietas entre el catolicismo y el protestantismo que lo dividía en dos campos opuestos. Decía que el aprendizaje debe comenzar en el hogar (siguiendo las ideas sustentadas a partir de la Reforma) siendo de esta manera que los padres serían los primeros educadores.

Y esto significaba la inclusión de la madre. Keep Healthy Body Essay! Entonces si las madres no fueran educadas, después no educarían a sus niños.La instrucción ayudaba a aumentar el bienestar de un país, así como también sus buenos modales. Essays Library! Para los niños de escasos recursos pedía que recibieran ropa, libros y los materiales escolares, gratis a fin de que tuvieran las mismas oportunidades que los ricos. De la misma forma que hay armonía en el macrocosmos Comenio dedujo que el hombre, igualmente, debe convertirse en un todo armónico si han de desarrollarse plenamente todas sus potencialidades y habilidades, y no simplemente la razón. A los hombres se les ha dado una oportunidad para la perfectibilidad continua e interminable, para la creatividad, para la educación permanente y para la autoeducación.

Todo el mundo tiene el deber de aprovechar esta oportunidad, un deber tanto filosófico, como político y religioso. Comenio fue el primero que presento una metodología de la educación basada en la unión de la pedagogía con la didáctica. In Life! Con este sistema quería dirigir la progresión moral e intelectual del alumno. La educación de los sentidos es primordial, ya que en ellos actúan las cosas de manera directa. Library! Es importante por tanto dirigir la educación de los sentidos y desarrollar sus relaciones porque los sentidos se guían y se complementan entre sí.

Cuando el alumno comprende qué es un objeto, retiene en su mente la palabra que lo designa y por medio de las palabras y la escritura termina aprendiendo a expresar lo que siente. Army On Respect! Y así, según Comenio se le enseñará una pedagogía para medir el valor del saber. Nace el año 1921 en Recife, capital del estado de Pernambuco, una de las regiones más pobres de Brasil. Essays Library! Estudió letras y se doctoró en 1959 en Filosofía e Historia de la Educación con la tesis “Educación y actualidad brasileña”, documento en que se sientan las bases de su método pedagógico, según el cual todo proceso educativo debe tener como punto de partida, la realidad que rodea a cada individuo. Walker Everyday! Muere en Sao Paulo, el año 1997. Epoca de dictaduras en america latina, específicamente la Brasileña (1964) Paulo Freire busca un modelo de sociedad en la cual las personas rompan su silencio y pasividad, que reconozcan la fuerza de su unidad transformadora, que adquieran la capacidad crítica para relacionarse con la sociedad y que se liberen de sus ataduras, única posibilidad de cambio de la sociedad. Los hombres desarrollan básicamente 2 papeles, el papel de “opresor” u “oprimido”. Essays Library! Consecuencia de esta opresión, es que el ser humano vive en una situación de “deshumanización”. Krakatoa! Los oprimidos idealizan a sus opresores y luchan contra ellos; quisieran convertirse en opresores de sus opresores. Library! Es esta contradicción, la que genera una nueva fórmula para los oprimidos, convirtiéndolos en restauradores de la libertad de ambos.

De esta forma debería nacer un hombre nuevo que supere esta contradicción un hombre liberándose y. -Capacidad creativa y transformadora del hombre. Ambition In Life! -Capacidad de asombro que cualquier persona tiene, sin importa la posición que esta ocupe en la estructura social. Essays! -La naturaleza social del acto del conocimiento y la dimensión histórica de este. Healthy Body! Otras características también fundamentales en la metodología de Freire, son la movilidad y capacidad de inclusión. Essays Library! No existe un modelo rígido, ya que al ser centrarse en la idea de que “el hombre es un ser inacabado”, este método debe asumir dinamicidad y reformulación constante. De origen Ucraniano, nace en el año de l888. In Life Essay! En l9l4, ingresó en un Instituto de magisterio donde terminó sus estudios con medalla de oro, se le asignó durante 16 años (l929-l935) la Colonia GORKI, para delincuentes menores de edad, posteriormente se le trasladó a la Comuna DZERZHINSKI. Essays! Fue en esta Comuna donde escribió su primer libro, MARCHA DEL AÑO 30. Keep Healthy! Después de su muerte, producida en el año de l939, y a través de sus escritos y novelas se reconoce su pedagogía como determinante en la edificación de la Sociedad Comunista de la post-guerra. Revolución Bolchevique (Rusia 1917) Makarenko propone una sociedad comunista, donde las riquezas personales pasan a ultimo plano y se lucha por el bien colectivo.

El hombre debe ser un engranaje funcional dentro del estado, obteniendo su realización personal a través del trabajo. La educación no debe fundarse sobre las necesidades del niño y más bien sobre las necesidades del colectivo, en las de la soc., y el sentimiento del deber tiene que ir siempre ligado a ésas necesidades; opina además que el hombre se mueve según las leyes de la naturaleza y por consecuencia la educación consiste en: EDUCAR ésa naturaleza en función de esa sociedad, de tal manera que los educadores no son los servidores de la naturaleza sino los MAESTROS. Essays! Afirma que el culto a la ESPONTANEIDAD, no solo menosprecia el papel de la educación sino que es socialmente perjudicial y entonces, no queda otra alternativa que abandonarlo; establece que a la autodisciplina, se le debe de sustituir por una DISCIPLINA CONSCIENTE, entendiendo por disciplina, no la inhibición de las acciones, sino que debe ser enfocada desde el punto de vista soviético , , debiendo ser disciplina de lucha y avance , de inspiración a algo y la lucha por algo; cuyo objetivo está expresado en el logro de las cualidades del carácter que definen a la personalidad comunista. Neill es un pedagogo y psicoanalista que nace en Escocia a finales del siglo XIX y muere en 1973. Army Essay! Neill fue hijo de maestro de escuela. Library! Después de ser alumno de su padre estudió en la Universidad de Edimburgo para obtener su título de maestro en 1912.

En 1914 fue nombrado Director de Gretna Green School, en Escocia, su país natal. Use Essay! En este período su descontento con el sistema educativo que aplicaba iba en aumento. Mundo Capitalista, es paralelo a Makarenco (Comunista) Su modelo de sociedad, es el logro de una escuela sin clases y por tanto sin la diferenciación entre maestros, profesores y alumnos y menos aun la diferenciación de los alumnos por edades. Essays Library! Asimismo, pretende la participación directa, asamblearia por lo que al igual que en la sociedad, en la escuela se pretende la implantación de los procesos autogestionarios. V For Vendetta Critical! Toda sociedad debe ser educativa y formativa y todo centro escolar debe organizarse socialmente. Neill quiere a personas libres, ya que esa es la única manera de lograr la felicidad.

En contra de la educación que él recibió creó la escuela porque como decía: “Sin libertad no se puede educar”.De manera que en su escuela los alumnos deciden todo son como los Directores de la escuela. Library! Ellos hacen las normas. 1. Walker! Confía en la NATURALEZA del niño. Essays Library! El niño es innatamente bueno, sano. Essay! Los problemas surgen de los adultos, no existiendo niños malos sino padres malos. Essays Library! La escuela potencia los problemas de los padres.

La sociedad es la única que origina los problemas. Es la falta de amor que provoca todos los problemas, encuentra en la BONDAD y el AMOR uno de sus principios fundamentales. 2. Essay Writing Graphic! La finalidad de la educación es la FELICIDAD. Essays Library! El niño que es feliz en su infancia lo será en un futuro es una inversión para el futuro y una garantía de buena convivencia social. 3. In Life! La LIBERTAD supone la ausencia de ordenes. Library! Una libertad que excluya el autoritarismo, el miedo, el castigo.

Lo ideal es llegar a la AUTOREGULACION al AUTOGOBIERNO. 4. Vendetta Critical Essay! Quiere niños con corazones, no con cabezas. Essays Library! Para lograr la felicidad por medio del amor y de la libertad es necesario acudir a las EMOCIONES5. How To Keep Healthy! OTROS. Essays Library! Principio de individualidad o hacer frente al mundo de forma individual.

La religión no se trata, lo cual no significa que no se enseñen valores humanos. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Ginebra, Suiza, 28 de junio de 1712 - Ermenonville, Francia, 2 de julio de 1778) fue un escritor, filósofo y músico definido como un ilustrado. Lo que sigue es la transformación de la sociedad. Keep Essay! El programa del Contrato Social se basa en el establecimiento de una forma de asociación (. Library! ) mediante la cual cada uno, al unirse a todos, no obedezca, sin embargo, más que a sí mismo y quede tan libre como antes Este pacto, crea la voluntad general que ni es arbitraria ni se confunde con las suma de las voluntades egoístas de las voluntades individuales de los particulares. Writing Organizer! Entonces aparece el concepto de soberanía, el soberano es la voluntad general, la cual es inalienable (no se delega, el gobierno no es sino un ejecutor de la ley que emana de la voluntad general, y puede ser siempre substituido), es indivisible no hay división de poderes. El hombre 'natural' (primitivo) vivía aislado.

Rousseau especula que carecía de una sociabilidad natural. Essays! A diferencia de Hobbes, el no cree que viviese en guerra contra todos. Healthy Body! Introduce así la imagen del buen salvaje, una suerte de inocencia natural (no existe el pecado original), la bondad es innata así como la igualdad absoluta. Essays Library! Tampoco hay moral. Keep Healthy Essay! Pero esta condición natural, pertenece a un estado que ya no existe (quizá nunca haya exisitido, improbablemente vaya a existir alguna vez) pero resulta útil para reflexionar sobre la situación acutal. Library! El concepto de naturaleza sirve como punto de referencia y concepto directivo. La educación del niño empieza desde su nacimiento, y debe impedirse cualquier hábito de los cuales pudiera llegar a ser esclavo. In Life! El niño se ocupa en examinar los objetos porque de esa suerte adquiere los primeros materiales de sus conocimientos. Periodo de la infancia (2 a 12 años) Cuando el niño empieza a caminar y hablar, entra en una fase de desenvolvimiento. Essays Library! No hay que llenar la mente infantil de conocimientos, lo más importante que el niño pueda juzgar y valorar las cosas que se le ofrece.

Periodo de adolescencia (12 a 15 años) En esta etapa, el adolescente posee la máxima plasticidad para el aprendizaje; los intereses naturales de la infancia, los que determinan la enseñanza, todos los oficios deben ser reinventados por el educando. Periodo de los 15 años hasta el matrimonio. Etapa de la vida, que Rousseau, llama la mocedad: el educando va elevándose paulatinamente sobre la vida estricta sensitiva, recibe conceptos e ideas y se hace apto para juzgar, despertar sus pasiones, llega a conocerse a si mismo, despierta la curiosidad sexual, se dará satisfacción a ella mediante respuestas verdaderas y sólidas. Aristóteles (384-322 a. Walker Everyday Use Essay! C.), fue un filósofo y científico griego, considerado, junto a Platón y Sócrates, como uno de los pensadores más. destacados de la antigua filosofía griega y posiblemente el más influyente. de toda la filosofía occidental.

Nació en Estagira (actual ciudad griega de Stavro). Essays! Fue discípulo de. Platón y luego maestro de Alejandro Magno. In Life! En el año 335, Aristóteles. funda su propia escuela en Atenas, el Liceo (denominado así por estar. situado dentro de un recinto dedicado a Apolo Licio), donde dictaba clases sobre amplios temas a sus discípulos. Essays Library! A los discípulos se les llamó peripatéticos (peri pathos) porque solían recibir clases alrededor. de los jardines y el paseo que rodeaban al edificio del Liceo. Grecia A.C, dioses Griegos, el hombre como voluntad de Zeus. Aristóteles dice que solo los. hombres verdaderamente libres y perfectos pueden alcanzar este objeto, pero también reconoce que como nadie nace libre y perfecto, el hombre.

debe suplir con la educación lo que le falta; ya que la educación puede. transformar a los hombres imperfectos en ciudadanos cumplidos. Aristóteles menciona que los ciudadanos pertenecen al estado, pero. considera que uno de los deberes indiscutibles del legislador es cuidar y. vigilar la educación. Everyday! Lo cual demuestra que la pedagogía de Aristóteles. forma parte de su política. El objetivo que tenía en. la educación este filósofo era preparar a los jóvenes despertando su. intelecto para asumir posiciones de liderazgo en las tareas del estado y la. sociedad, es decir, formar buenos ciudadanos.

El pensamiento educativo de Aristóteles se basa principalmente en sus. Palabras clave: Educación, pensamiento educativo, ética, política, lógica.

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Essay: WHAT IS CRIME? Crime prevention and library, crime reduction. Crime is any action or offence that defies a state or country and is punishable by law. Crime has many definitions. Keep Healthy. In fact the most common thing about these definitions is essays, that crime is punishable. Crime cuts across many disciplines such as sociology, psychology and criminology. Each of krakatoa report these disciplines try to essays, explain why crime is committed and how people are compelled to commit crime, a good example is essay writing graphic, sociology. Sociology attributes crime due to poor socialization in society, while psychology attributes crime mainly due to biological and Pathological criminogenic behaviors. Many scholars have tried to define crime and each has given many reasons why crime is committed. Essays Library. Scholars such Cesare Lombroso attribute crime to biological anomalies while scholars like Edwin Sutherland claim that criminal behavior is learned.

Generally all these come, to the same conclusions that crime is an krakatoa offence punishable by law. There are two main types of crime, these include violent crimes and property crime. Violent crime constitutes when someone decides to harm, threaten and conspire against someone else while property crime constitute someone who damages, destroys or steals someone’s property. Both violent and property crimes are offences which involve force and damage to essays, society. There are different types of punishing crime, the book, most common typologies are retribution, restorative justice, general and specific deterrence, rehabilitation and essays library, just deserts. Crime punishment has been there since the beginning of time, theoldesttype of essay punishment was retribution.

A good example of essays library how retribution justice was used was during the Hammurabi period. In those days if crime was committed it constituted an eye for an eye. If I killed someone my punishment would be death. No one was spared. On Respect. Justice was viewed differently. In the recent times retribution has been reviewed and has been lowered to just deserts.

The punishment is essays, still harsh but considers many factors at hand, such as the state of mindof the offender. Crime has been there for a long time and has been defined and been punished in v for essay different ways. What constitutes a crime has also been reviewed .what was viewed a crime in the previous times is essays library, not a crime now. A good example is freedom of worship. Many people were not allowed to worship any other gods and v for critical, did it secrecy due to library, fear of ambition in life prosecution and being labeled a heretic. Essays. In present times one is allowed to worship any god and how to healthy body essay, believe in essays library whoever they please. Generallycrime is a wide topic and has been vigorously studied in different aspects butin this essay I am going to in life essay, focus mainly on essays library the major objectives of crime prevention, typologies of walker crime reduction, law enforcement and crime, recidivism of crime and interventions on reduction of crime. 2.0 OBJECTIVES OF CRIME PREVENTIONAND CRIME REDUCTION.

Crime prevention includes reducing and deterring crime and criminals from committing crimes. Crime reduction is quite similar to essays library, crime prevention, for essay, crime reduction to essays library, occur we need to prevent it at first. Crime prevention strategies are usually implemented by vendetta critical, criminal justice agencies, individuals, businesses and essays library, non-governmental agencies in order to krakatoa, maintain order and enforce the law. Crime prevention strategies not only deter crime but also reduce the essays library, risk of increasing victimization in the society.Crime prevention has many objectives but the most main objective is to reduce and essay on respect, deter crime. Library. Many criminal justice agencies have developed strategies through public policy in order to prevent crime. Various models have been adopted by countries in order to combat crime. Kenya for example has enforced the Nyumbakumi initiative (community policing) spear headed by Kaguthi in order to report, combat crime.

By this strategy neighbors are supposed to be readily aw e and watchful of what happens in the neighborhood in order to deter criminals from committing crimes. There are many approaches of crime prevention; the library, main objectives have been included in these strategies. These strategies are situational crime prevention strategy, environmental crime prevention, social crime prevention, developmental crime prevention, policing strategies, and community crime prevention strategies. The environmental prevention strategy was first introduced by C. Ray Jeffery a criminologist. Environmental crime prevention strategy main objective is to protect the environment which entails wildlife, Nature and krakatoa book report, the atmosphere. Library. Environmental crime entails an illegal act that harms the environment. V For Essay. Many international bodies such as Interpol and the UN have recognized environmental crime due to the havoc it has causedthe environment, Types of environmental crime may include dumping hazardous waste in the ocean, illegal wild life trade of endangered species, smuggling, emitting chemicals those ozone layer and illegal logging of trees. There many crimes associated with environmental crime but I am going to focus on the two main which affect many countries which is illegal trade of wildlife and library, logging of tress. Many counties have been trying to fight this crime. Many influential people have actually fought against essay environmental crime and have actually received Nobel prizes for it.

The late Wangari Maathai who was an activist for the environment was highly against illegal logging of trees. Library. In fact she proposed that for every tree that was cut down, three should beplanted. Prevention strategies have been implemented in order to combat crime. In Ireland under the department of agriculture section 37 of the v for vendetta critical, forestry act. It is illegal to uproot any tree over ten years old or cut down any tree of any age (agriculture, 2015). Illegal wildlife trade is also a major problem. Kenya has had this problem for years, being one of the countries that harbors endangered species such as the white rhino and elephants. Essays Library. It has faced a lot of essay problems in trying to combat this problem.

Many poachers are killing these animals and selling the tusks of these animals for high prices. Elephant poaching was made illegal in library 1973, and hunting without a permit in 1977. Kenya has roughened sentencing through increasing fines.Poachers caught with illegal wildlife such as tusks face fines up to 10 million Kenya shillings and jail time of 5 years(Kahumbu. 2013).Though it is still rampant prevention strategies have been implemented. Situational crime prevention strategy was a concept that gained wide recognition in the late 1940’s when Edwin in Sutherland argued that crime was a result of environmental factors. Krakatoa Report. Hebelieved that crime was learned. Situational crime prevention strategy is essays library, deeply rooted in theories such as routine activity theory, crime pattern theory and walker, rational choice theory. Situational crime prevention strategy focuses on mainly reducing crime by providing settings in which it is less conducive for criminals to attack. Unlike routine, rational and crime prevention theories, situational prevention theory not only focuses on the criminals but focuses mainly on the environment. A good example of how criminal justice agencies have applied this strategy is by ensuring that their heavy surveillance in the cities in library order to deter criminals from committing crimes.

In Kenya the Government has installed cameras on the traffic lights in order to record criminal activity and find corrupt road traffic users (Okere, 2012). The Cameras not only deter people from committing crimes but also helps the police to .find culprits who may commit a crime and get away with it. A study done in Nairobi by Stephen Okere found out that 85.7% of all the Kenyans respondents of the study had installed CCTV cameras and found it effective in curbing crime. He also found that the traffic cameras also helped in curbing crime (Okere, 2012).The main objective of this crime prevention strategy isto protect people from criminals through providing or ensuring there are safety measures such as surveillance cameras. Social crime prevention is a strategy that addresses the direct root causes of crime. Walker Everyday Use Essay. The main objective of social crime prevention is on the social elements that have lead people to commit this crimes, these elements may include breakdown in familyvalues and ignorance.

Lack of cohesion and essays, environmental conditions. Social crime prevention is not an easy task to achieve because it deals with peoples ideals bad believes. The only way to create a society that is peaceful is to start from the beginning. This means ensuring that schooling from young age is given much importance. A good example of how governments have done this is by ambition essay, ensuring that the curriculum in nursery schools teaches children values of what wrong and essays library, what is right. There are many ways of how social crime prevention can be achieved, through changing values at home through public education and ambition in life, encouraging the essays library, community to be the v for critical essay, agent of social change in their own communities. Developmental crime prevention focuses on how crime occurs; the mainobjective of this strategy is show how crime develops and causes victimization in society.

Developmental crime prevention strategy is used by many countries. Essays Library. Public education is one of the army on respect, approaches that have been used. By using public education many people are taught and essays library, developed in to young abiding citizens rather than criminals. Communities may also focus on helping teachers to be an integral part in krakatoa book report developing self-control in young people. Essays Library. In the walker everyday use essay, USA most stateshave developed programs which develop ex offender or drug addicts in to better people. They engage in social programs and help them achieve GEDS in order to get a better life. In general development crime prevention actually rehabilitates youth and helps develop others become better people rather than committing crime. Policing strategies are also crucial in crime prevention. The main objective of policing in crime prevention is to ensure that police officers actually do help citizens and actually, curb crime beforeit occurs. Policing should be proactive. When police actually improve on how they combat crime it helps reduce crime.

Though police officers may be reluctant to change their ways, but with additional training they can change. In order to reduce crime policing should be an important aspect. Community Crime prevention strategies are also important in curbing crime. The main objective of this strategy is to ensure that the community and police actually work together in order to essays library, prevent crime. By the community being involved in everything it helps reduce crime. Most countries have actually adopted this model. Kenya for example calls it nyumba kumi while other countries regard it as community policing. By the community and the police being involved it helps curb crime because the police are not working alone but are working hand in hand to ensure safety. Community crime prevention strategy can be very effective if the relationship between the citizen and the police is critical, cordial. If it is not, this approach can be very hard to achieve. By societies using all these models of essays library crime prevention, reduction of crime actually occurs.

Crime reduction cannot occur if the krakatoa, government and criminal justice agencies are not doing anything about it. If you look at countries that have high crime, the essays library, criminal justice agency and government are weak, and corruption is common. Such countries are run by in life, cartels who engage in library organized crime. Organized crime also tends to be present in army essay on respect countries that have strong criminal justice systems, but the essays, difference between the two is healthy essay, that they are not strong as they are in failed states or weak countries. Guinea-Bissau for example which faces a lot corruption has made it easier for organized crime flourish. In April 2007 the authorizes of Guinea-Bissau managed to library, seize 635 kilograms of cocaine , unfortunately the drug traffickers managed to escape with 2.5 tons of drugs because the in life essay, police could not catch up with them (Mutume, 2007). The drug traffickers could have been captured but because of corruption and a poor criminal justice system the drug traffickers were able maneuver out with more than half. Crime prevention and limitations. Crime analysis is understood as the systematic study of crime and disorder problems as well as other police-related issues (Santos).

It is important to include sociodemographic, spatial, and mundane factors to assist in criminal apprehension, crime reduction, and crime prevention. Essays. It is used primarily as information so that personnel, from patrol officers to police chiefs, have an idea of when and where crime is organizer, occurring and how much it has overall occurred. While analysis has proven helpful in many cases, what it fails to do is directly inform proactive crime reduction strategies. Library. This is because police officers are limited ion dealing with prevention. They are often assigned to patrol areas where they are not fully familiar with.

They may not fully understand the social structure and norms that fuel the neighborhood and the actions of its residents. While crime analysis was once focused primarily on tactical issues of identifying offenders, discrimination and stereotyping led to social unrest and led to other tactics of crime prevention. With the stop and frisk campaign in new York, where the police had the right to stop an individual and frisk them for any sort of weapons, drugs or paraphernalia, it became apparent hat innocent young blacks were not being targeted, but were having their rights infringed upon. This emphasizes the social and cultural disconnect between crime analysts, the sworn personnel, and the civilians they are attempting to protect. Vendetta Critical Essay. These became a blurred line between the officers’ role of essays library protecting and harassing innocent civilians. The question still remains how to effectively prevent and reduce crime. Crime analysis and crime mapping are becoming more common, but they are primarily implemented in larger police agencies.

Areas that have statistically needed more protection have been given more policing depending on the capacity of the on respect, police in essays library the district. Writing Graphic. For example, it is argued tat there is a need for more policing in urban areas because that is where crime is usually more prevalent, but that leaves other low population, yet crime ridden areas with less assistance. Despite this all, policing is occasionally being shifted to library, focus more on ‘hot spots,’ areas where crime is more prevalent. The close monitoring has o an everyday use essay extent been able to deter crime, but that again depends on the stance of the offender and what they have to lose from their potential criminal transaction. While in an ideal world all crime prevention efforts would work, that is library, not the case in the society that we live in today. Crime and its prevention vary depending on the environment of everyday where the crime is happening. The demographics, the socioeconomic status of the people, and the relationships within the community all factor into crime and its prevention. To address crime rates there must be various forms of essays library prevention attempts. Book Report. From the research conducted, it is evident that incarceration is limited in its effectiveness of crime prevention and reduction. While there may be fewer criminals on the streets from incarceration, this does not directly affect rising crime rates. Given that about two thirds of criminals in the U.S. Essays. return to prison, incarceration only proves to be a temporary fix.

I believe that incarceration would be more effective if there are efforts made in prison to better the lives of those incarcerated. Through efforts such as education, creating job skills and community buildings, those incarcerated are les likely to krakatoa report, return to their former criminal past. Essays Library. This has the ability to create crime prevention and reduction in the long run. Healthy Essay. I also believe that random patrol and reactive arrests used responses to a community’s demand are generally effective, policing in areas where crime is more prevalent makes it easier to identify problems within a community. It develops tailored responses in a timely manner so that crime can be controlled, reduced, and prevented.

I see various issues in maintaining prevention, the main one being sustainability. Prevention takes long-term planning with targeted spending and strong correspondence. It requires consistent community action and persistence with or without the library, presence of government funding. Without flexibility crime cannot be prevented or reduced. Like I have mentioned before, there are no two communities alike so there cannot be any single approach to sustainability. It is up to the individual communities and krakatoa book report, organizations to determine appropriate strategies and essays library, implement them. I agree with the World Health Organization and the understanding that creating and implementing and report, monitoring a national action plan for violence prevention would be effective. In order to do so, the issues of funding must be addressed. I believe that the library, federal and local government should invent in testing method of policing in order to raise awareness and reduce crime. To keep time rates low, there is army essay on respect, a need to enhance the capacity of essays data collection on violence.

That way, the issues that need to be addressed are apparent. When looking at issues and crimes within a community, it is important to examine the causes. Consequences and costs for prevention as well as reduction. To keep crime prevention low, criminals as well as victims should be dealt with. By strengthening responses for victims, I believe that there will be a deterrence effect for writing, criminals and essays library, less retaliation crimes that promote even more crime. I also believe that integrating crime prevention into social and educational policies has the vendetta, ability to reduce crime by promoting social equality. Search our thousands of essays:

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Looking at Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother. Something appears to have been mixed up here, since the photograph above is not the well-known Migrant Mother photograph by Dorothea Lange. However, it is, unmistakably, the mother from that photograph. What I’m going to do in the following is to try to investigate how portraiture works (at least in part) by essays using a set of Lange’s photographs, namely the walker everyday, Migrant Mother ones that can be found in the Library of Congress. (For this article, I’m using the essays library, scans from the LOC scans, hence the frames and the writing around the image) There are all kinds of reasons for me to v for critical pick these images, the most important ones being that everybody knows the most well-known picture, while only few people have ever seen the other ones. In fact most people don’t even seem to be aware of them. I’m going to ignore all background information about these photographs other than what is available in the LOC, since I want to discuss what can be seen in the photos. The photograph that everybody is so familiar with is this one: What do we actually see here? First of all, there obviously is library a woman (in the center of the frame) whose gaze does not meet the camera’s lens (and thus the viewer’s eyes). Her face appears worried, there is book a bit of essays library a frown in her face, and with her right hand she is holding or possibly slightly pinching the side of krakatoa her face.

Apart from the library, woman, there are three (yes, three) children visible. Two have their heads rest on the woman’s shoulders, their faces averted from the camera. The third child is how to healthy body essay a baby whose (sleeping) face is library visible at the right edge of the frame, behind that wooden pillar. For those who like to obsess over krakatoa book Photoshop manipulation “scandals”: The woman is actually holding on to that pillar with her left hand, and the lower right corner of the frame one can faintly see the retouched thumb (to see more images, including a restored one, see this page). For our discussion, this is an irrelevant detail, which I’ll simply ignore here. I’m also not going to touch upon the fact that the image is an iconic photograph. There are repercussions of that, but that’s for another day. Back to the photograph, while the essays, mother’s pose seems fairly natural, the two larger children’s has always struck me as a bit artificial. Children not familiar with a stranger might show their shyness, but these poses seem maybe a little bit too posed.

And posed they are. Lange used a 4?5 view camera for these photographs, a camera that usually requires careful preparation of each photograph. Report? Given I’m using the uncropped scans this is obvious from the frames of each image. But even if one didn’t know that, subconsciously most people I have talked to about this photograph tend to essays pick up on the posing aspect. Since most portraits are posed there is essay writing organizer very little one could infer from the device itself, so beyond noting that I’ve always found the children’s poses a tad contrived I’m not going to add anything else here. But obviously given we are not dealing with a candid photograph, the subjects were fully aware of the presence of the photographer. Essays? In fact, the photographer made them pose – this claim might not convince some people, yet, but once we’ve seen all the other photographs it will be obvious. Given what we see in the photograph, it seems safe to assume that the children are in fact the critical essay, woman’s, even though we can’t know for sure. Photographs often contain surprisingly little actual information, yet common sense allows us to come to fairly simple and usually correct conclusions.

We know that this photograph is known as Migrant Mother , so assuming that these are in fact not the library, woman’s children would appear to be quite the stretch. Here is the full caption of the photograph: “Destitute pea pickers in California. Walker Use Essay? Mother of seven children. Library? Age thirty-two. How To Keep Body? Nipomo, California” (note that the essays, main page gives “Destitute peapickers in California; a 32 year old mother of seven children. February 1936.” ). Knowing the healthy body essay, full caption adds a bit of essays library information that is not actually contained in the photograph. In Life? Note that the caption does not give the woman’s name (Florence Owens Thompson). For a start, she looks as if she were significantly older than thirty-two. Second, she has seven children, of which only three are part of this photograph.

Where are the other ones? We don’t know. But we might start coming up with theories or ideas. It’s important to remember, though, that those theories are just that: Theories. When looking at photographs, all we have is what is contained inside their frames, plus, possibly, whatever additional information the captions might provide. If we think we know something about a photograph that is not visible in essays, the frame and that is how to keep not mentioned in the caption, then it’s not unlikely we have come to library a conclusion that is not supported by the photographic facts. When looking at photographs the v for critical, very first thing is to library become aware of walker everyday use essay what we see – and what we think we see.

Just a brief aside: When I use the term “the photographic facts” I am talking about the information actually contained in a photograph. Back then to the picture from the very top: It’s the same woman, plus two of her children. Essays Library? One of army on respect them, the one on the left in the famous frame, is gone. The baby is still there, and it is more clearly visible now. The other child – we can identify the essays library, hair and the rather ragged, coarse clothing – now rests her head on how to keep healthy her mother’s shoulder. As before, both mother and library, child look away from the camera (the baby is sleeping). This photograph is framed differently. It’s a horizontal framing, not nearly as close as the vendetta critical, previous one. Comparing the essays, way these two images were framed is instructive since it tells us something about both photographs. The original photograph is framed very tightly around the mother who provides a visual anchor (note I’m calling it “the original” since I used it to start this discussion; here and in the following I’ll refer to the images in walker everyday, order in which I discuss them in this article).

She supports her children, literally (we are led to believe) and pictorially (they rest their heads on her shoulders). Library? In contrast, while she still is at the center of the second frame, everything seems looser. Two thirds of the frame are occupied by very little – on the left a lamp in the foreground plus a tarp in the background, and on the right a post that holds up the tarp plus an out-of-focus background. The original framing came at the price of the post being an unwanted part of the picture. This might be the reason why Lange retouched the image, to remove the thumb: The photograph was going to be grounded on the mother, and the mother holding on to something would divert from that photographic device. In the wider, horizontal photograph, the environment plays a much larger role now: It is mostly barren, empty, impoverished (mind you, I’m only talking about the environment that is walker use essay actually visible in the photograph).

Also note how the woman’s left hand is visible in the second frame. She is wearing what might be a wedding band or engagement ring. This is the hand that is not visible in the famous frame. I have no way of knowing whether Lange intended to hint at essays this or not, but the how to body essay, ring adds a little piece of essays information about the woman, which, in essay graphic organizer, turn, might trigger additional conclusions. If there is in fact a man in her life – these children must have a father – where is he?

The famous frame, with the left hand invisible (remember, the thumb even got retouched out of the frame), omit this fact and makes the photograph center on motherhood alone: The mother as the anchor, providing the essays library, strength the children rely on (again literally and in terms of how they’re posed). The second frame, on contrast, could be read as a wife who is supporting her children but who also is waiting for how to keep essay, her husband or partner to come back, to bring back food or money or whatever else. As before, one needs to be careful about the photographic facts and whatever one might want to infer from that. The ring on the woman’s hand is a photographic fact. Everything else is an assumption. Here’s the library, caption of the wider shot: “Migrant agricultural worker’s family. Seven hungry children.

Mother aged thirty-two. Father is a native Californian. Destitute in pea picker’s camp, Nipomo, California, because of the failure of the early pea crop. How To Keep Body Essay? These people had just sold their tent in order to buy food. Of the twenty-five hundred people in essays library, this camp most of them were destitute”. That is a lot more information than before. As before, this information gets our minds going, yet we need to be very careful with what conclusions are going to be ours, and which ones are actually supported by krakatoa the photograph. Let’s keep looking.

Here’s another frame: This third frame is close to essays the second one in essay, terms of the poses. Very little has changed – the older child is now holding on to the post, and essays library, the heads have moved a little, possibly to accommodate the different camera position. This frame was shot vertically, and how to essay, it reduces the little family to an even smaller part of the image, still in essays library, the very center, though. How To Healthy Essay? There is library what looks like a suitcase or trunk in the foreground, somewhat out of focus, upon which a plate rests. V For? There is the lamp again, as are the essays, tarp, the graphic organizer, post, the empty backgrounds.

Part of the ground is now contained in the frame, in essays, the lower right corner it is in focus: It looks like sand, some sort of soil. The third frame differs quite a bit from the first, famous one. While I’m happy to argue that the poses look much more natural, the intense focus on the mother is almost completely gone. While she still occupies the center of the frame, the somewhat active pose of the v for essay, older child has both of them battle for the viewer’s attention. And the group looks almost lost in these desperately poor circumstances – a tent of library sorts held up by a post made from a young tree, a single plate, a suitcase (or trunk) as a table.

We might as well step back even further: Now this is a very different picture than the keep, “original” Migrant Mother , isn’t it? For a start, the mother is library not even in focus/the focal point of the picture. Instead, it’s a child sitting in a rocking chair, in front of a makeshift tent. Inside the tent, we can see the mother (holding the baby), plus two other children, both of keep healthy body them younger than the one in the chair, both probably the children from the other frames.

Interestingly, this is the essays library, only frame where the subjects are actually engaging with or at least looking at the camera. Most of the posing efforts seem to have been spent on the child in the rocking chair, while the group in the background (in the tent) essentially just make sure they occupy the correct spot in the frame. Note how this image is constructed photographically. Essay? The opening of the shelter provides a photographic frame. The subjects are all placed inside that frame, the group in the background very obviously so (they are in fact inside the shelter), whereas the rocking chair (plus an open suitcase) have been placed in front of the opening of the shelter. They might have been there when the photographer arrived, we can’t know for essays, sure.

But visually, there are two worlds: The one of the family, in ambition essay, the center, photographed inside that frame, and essays, the larger world outside, a fairly uninviting, empty place. Compare the famous Migrant Mother photograph with this fourth image: You essentially have the same people in the photographs (with the exception of the child in the rocker), but they are very, very different. And all of that from working with the distance between the camera and the subjects (and some careful arranging of the report, frames at each distance). Essays? I have no way of knowing which frame actually came first; I want to book assume Lange started further away and library, then moved in, but it could have been the other way around. From the photographs, it’s essentially impossible to writing tell (and it frankly doesn’t matter anyway). There is another photograph: Photographed at a distance roughly between the second and third frame, it shows the essays, mother in the very center of the frame, breastfeeding her baby. Of all of these photographs, I’ve always felt this one to be the most stunning one. Photographically, it feels a bit posed (just like most of the other ones), but that particular moment is so strong and so touching. The mother’s expression, which looks like weary resignation, creates a strong contrast to what she is in life doing: Feeding her baby.

None of the other children are contained in the frame, this one is library focused just on a mother nursing her baby. The photograph that became the iconic Migrant Mother is the how to healthy, one where the camera is closest to Florence Owens Thompson. Given how well-know it is, given how often we have seen it, this might be a tough question to ask, but we might as well do it anyway: Which one of these photographs is the strongest? Personal preference (plus agenda and biases) might have us pick one over the others, but is it going to be the famous one? Is it even going to be possible to disentangle all we know and feel from these photographs? If we ignore the fact that one of these frames has become iconic, the variety of the photographs – the way they are composed, their distance to the subjects, etc. – gives us an essays, opportunity to see how portraiture operates, how adding or withholding information can contribute to the way a portrait is perceived, how adding or withholding information makes us see and in life essay, then feel different things. Of course, there is nothing fundamentally revealing about essays, any of this – it’s photography, after all, and this is what photography does. But often enough, we forget this, or we pretend photography doesn’t really work that way. When talking about everyday use essay, photographs, it’s essential to start out from the facts, from what is contained in the frame, from how things are set up, and to then move to whatever one might infer from that. I often find that people approach photography the other way around, by bringing their own conclusions to the images, to then try to essays library see how the photograph supports them. Writing? I don’t think that’s a good approach.

With so many photographs around us now, in all likelihood what is essays library going to krakatoa report happen is that instead of us navigating photographs, we are instead being led. Instead of being active, we end up being passive. That can’t be good. How can one make choices if one doesn’t have the library, tools at one’s disposal that are needed to essay make these choices? Portraiture makes the viewer’s task particularly tricky, because it often seduces us to see things that aren’t actually there. A photograph of another person never is that other person. It always “only” is a photograph, made with specific devices and (usually) intent. To understand how portraiture works, one needs to look at the use of the devices, to possibly infer a little about the essays library, intent, and to learn a lot about what we bring to essay writing the table when looking at a photograph of another person. Update (22 May 2013): A reader emailed me to essays library say the essay, photographs were taken with a press camera, not a view camera. What is more, the reader disagreed with my assessment that the images were posed.

While part of that discussion comes down to semantics, the main idea of this article is not based on whether or not these images were posed. I’m concerned with what we can infer from the essays, pictures, to be precise from trying to rely only on the photographic facts. Obviously, my assumptions and conclusions might differ from yours. This article is the first in a series, engaging with portraits to how to body see how they work and what they say. All photographs by Dorothea Lange.

Find more information and high-resolution scans here.