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bi explained essay International Baccalaureate (IB) explained. With the increasing trend in Hong Kong for International Schools and ESF (English Schools Foundation) schools to switch from country specific syllabuses to the IB many in Hong Kong have been left asking questions about what exactly the IB is and what it offers. The IB program is an valentine essay, internationally recognized pre-university curriculum that offers year 12 and 13 students (or year 11 and 12 in some schools) an opportunity to gain a diploma based on a comprehensive and integrated curriculum that meets international standards. How To Quickly. There are currently 1,888 schools worldwide offering the IB diploma programme. In the Asia Pacific region alone there are 255 schools currently offering the IB. The IB curriculum is a fairly traditional and broad based curriculum.
There are many similarities to essay the United Kingdom AS and A2-level curriculums. One major difference is that students must take six subjects over two years in the major academic areas (native language, second language, individuals and societies, experimental sciences, mathematics and computer sciences, the arts).. As well as these subjects, students study €˜The Theory of Knowledge€™ and hamlet vs lion essay, are required to complete a certain amount of CAS (Creative Action and essay, Service) plus undertake a major research assignment or extended essay (EE). This comprehensive and advanced programme of study offers students an integrated approach to learning across different academic disciplines. The focus is for students to develop the knowledge and skills needed to meet the essay concerning human challenges of valentine plan, living and working in an increasingly interdependent and research, globalised society. The International Baccalaureate is governed by the International Baccalaureate Organization based in Geneva, Switzerland and administered by the International Baccalaureate Curriculum and Assessment Centre in valentine, Cardiff, United Kingdom. The IB organization originated nearly 50 years ago in Europe. It was created by international schools looking to ensure quality educational standards for students regardless of where they lived or studied. The IB programme today seeks input from educators worldwide to make sure the curriculum is up-to-date, to train the teachers who deliver the programme and to assess students who undertake the program. An IB diploma offers numerous advantages for students. One of the essay unforgettable greatest advantages is that the IB was designed to ensure a cohesive and comprehensive education for students.
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Student achievement is how to get assignments, assesed in a variety of ways: examinations that are developed and marked by international examiners; oral language exams; science laboratory notebooks and experiments; art portfolios, computer science dossiers; essays and other projects. The student's final score is calculated from a combination of essay, all these activities. This allows the classroom teacher to have input into the student's final grade. The philosophy underlying the hamlet vs lion IB assessment process is aimed at giving students the opportunity to express what they do know, rather than finding out what they do not know. The method that is essay plan, used to achieve these objectives is based on the theory of criterion-referenced assessment, which has both internal (by the teacher) and external (by over 5000 subject examiners world wide) elements, over the two year period of the diploma. All internal assessment is externally moderated and standardized to ensure fairness and essays mom, consistency. In comparison to UK A levels, Oxford University on valentine essay, its website states that the exam results from the essay outing IB will generally be equivalent to essay plan the following: grades A, A, B or A, A, A in British A-levels will be considered equal to 38 points in the IB.
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Hearsay Evidence Essays and valentine essay plan, Research Papers. ?Exception of Hearsay Evidence under S. 73A of the Evidence Act Hearsay can be defined as the . information gathered by hamlet king one person from another person concerning some event, condition, or thing of which the first person had no direct experience. When submitted as evidence , such statements are called hearsay evidence . Hearsay evidence is valentine plan, generally not accepted in court. The general rule is that all relevant evidence are prima facie admissible, except for hearsay and opinion. However, under the Evidence Act. Evidence law , Hearsay , Hearsay in United States law 1373 Words | 4 Pages. ?1. Hearsay evidence rule in Malaysia The general hearsay rule is that a statement made by a person not called as . a witness is inadmissible to prove the truth of the facts stated and extends to oral evidence as to statements in documents.1 Where oral evidence is relied on, it must be direct in all cases.2 Section 603 has thus codified the rule against dissertation skill, hearsay evidence . “ Hearsay ” does not mean that no witness can be allowed to depose anything which he has heard said by essay plan anyone else.4 It is secondary. Common law , Criminal procedure , Evidence law 738 Words | 2 Pages. e-mails written by Summer and Ryan are admissible because they express the feelings and mental states of get assignments done both Summer and essay plan, Ryan, and those feelings are . material to this case.
In addition, the e-mails can be authenticated and are therefore admissible as evidence . II. The dating privilege does not apply to Summer because under both the factor approach and the definitional approach Summer and Ryan do not have a dating relationship. III. The seizure of the white packet was proper because the plain. Domain Name System , E-mail , E-mail address 2036 Words | 6 Pages. Significance of for sex papers Criminal Evidence. ? Criminal Evidence Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Criminal Evidence . Hearsay is not confined to oral statements or writings.
Nonverbal conduct that is the equivalent of valentine plan a verbal statement can be hearsay . All courts agree that conduct intended as a substitute for words is essay on an unforgettable, within the hearsay prohibition when offered to prove the truth of the intended assertion. Assertive conduct of valentine plan this type would include physical gestures such as sign language. Criminal procedure , Evidence law , Hearsay 941 Words | 3 Pages. Hearsay Evidence and Its Admissibility. HEARSAY EVIDENCE AND ITS ADMISSIBILITY CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Hearsay Evidence in . different countries 3. Hearsay Evidence in different countries 4. ' Hearsay ' Evidence : The Law 5. Hearsay Evidence Inadmissible 6. Hearsay Evidence : The concept Understood 7. Case Laws 8. Essays Models Mom. Bibliography INTRODUCTION Hearsay is information gathered by one person from another person concerning some event, condition, or thing of which the valentine essay plan, first person had no direct experience. Circumstantial evidence , Common law , Court 5039 Words | 14 Pages. Hearsay and the Exceptions in Civil and on an unforgettable outing, Criminal Cases. The general rule at essay plan, common law is that hearsay evidence is inadmissible unless it falls within a common law or statutory . How To Get Assignments Done Quickly. exception.
The rationale behind this exclusionary rule is that out of court statements made by essay others cannot be tested in court by cross-examination to essay human understanding, see if they are true or not Hearsay evidence is renowned as one of the most difficult areas as of law to pigeon hole and define. It has been widely interpreted and reinterpreted by the courts. A useful starting point is the definition. Criminal law , Criminal procedure , Evidence law 1960 Words | 5 Pages. Assignment #1 Evidence : CRJS355 Real/ Physical Evidence Real or physical evidence is . evidence that can be addressed to valentine essay, the court directly without any interposing of a testimony of essays mom witness other than what is valentine, required of the basis for such evidence . Real evidence and physical evidence is basically the same thing physical evidence is just object that has been involved in essay on an unforgettable the actual crime scene or took place and played some type of part in it. Valentine Plan. But when it comes to real evidence it basically. Circumstantial evidence , Direct evidence , Evidence 1104 Words | 3 Pages. Southside High School Facilitator: Henrietta Jones 2.05 Can This Evidence Be Individualized? Evidence 1: A piece of . Essay. torn clothing was found at a crime scene. A torn t-shirt was found in one of the suspect’s car.
1. Can the torn clothing from the crime scene be individualized to the t-shirt found in the car? Why or why not? Yes. Valentine. Because it could be individual evidence small glass fragments large glass fragment Evidence 2: Small pieces of glass were found in a suspect’s shirt pocket. Burglary , Duct tape , English-language films 491 Words | 8 Pages. Sanders, the declarant (Blair) must be unavailable as a witness according to Fed.R.Evid. 804.
The statements by Blair fall under an exception to comprehension dissertation technique, the . hearsay rule, Fed.R.Evid. 804(b)(3), which provides that when a declarant is unavailable as a witness, statements against interest are not excluded by essay plan hearsay . Vs Lion King Essay. When a prosecutor seeks to introduce evidence of a statement that inculpates the accused, a number of courts require that statement be against the declarants interest and plan, that there be corroboration. Civil procedure , Crawford v. Washington , Criminal procedure 1096 Words | 4 Pages. Outline: Critical Thinking and hamlet vs lion, Evidence. Critical Thinking with Evidence - As you are writing a college paper, you should think about the purpose for which you are writing it, the . position, and the strategies for valentine, getting the readers to understand your ideas and to accept the points you are trying to vs lion king, make. Sound evidence supports your main idea or thesis, convincing readers by understanding your points. - Types of Evidence - Evidence is anything that demonstrates the soundness of a claim.
Four reliable forms of evidence are: facts, statistics. Appeal to valentine essay, emotion , Critical thinking , Evidence 1150 Words | 4 Pages. jury of twelve men must examine the evidence presented at the trial of a young boy accused of murdering his father. The evidence . brought forth in the trial is the testimony of an old man who lives in quickly the apartment about the boy’s, a switchblade knife, the boy’s sketchy alibi, and the eyewitness testimony of a woman who lives across from the boy’s apartment building. With the evidence making the boy appear guilty, a single juror questions the accuracy of the valentine plan, evidence and tries to implant reasonable.
Boy , Critical thinking , Evidence 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Evidence – Means, Mode, or Manner to Ascertain the Truth about a Matter of concerning human locke Fact in a Judicial Proceeding. Essential Parts of the Legal . Plan. Definition of Evidence : WHAT: 3M – Means, Mode or Manner WHY: ATF – to ascertain the truth about essay john a matter of fact WHERE: J – in valentine plan a Judicial Proceeding - it is how to get assignments quickly, a medium or means by which a fact is proved or disproved. Proof – RESULT, EFFECT or PERFECTION of an evidence . - result of a PROBATIVE EFFECT of plan evidence . - it is the perfection of evidence. Evidence , Evidence law , Jury 1062 Words | 5 Pages. Assignment: Law of Evidence Question 1 The law of evidence aims to determine what material may be presented in court as . evidence , by how to whom, in what manner and its probative value. Question 2 The onus of essay plan proof lies with the concerning human john locke amazon, State to prove that the accused is guilty. Question 3 Real evidence is evidence in essay plan the form of objects or exhibits such as the for sex offender research, murder weapon. Essay Plan. Documentary evidence is evidence in essay unforgettable outing the form of valentine plan written documentary such as letters and contracts.
Question 4 Evidential. Academy Award for comprehension dissertation skill technique, Best Actress , Criminal law , Evidence 1452 Words | 6 Pages. Nuts-and-Bolts of Evidence Week #2. Jacob Atkinson CJAD405 3. What is the essay, role of the prosecutor in handling evidence . at concerning john locke amazon, trial? The role of the valentine essay plan, judge? The role of the jury?
What is meant by the statement, “the burden of proof of guilt in a criminal case is on the prosecution throughout the trial”? Prosecutor- The prosecutor must determine what evidence needs to be introduced, but also how that evidence is produced and consider the vs lion king essay, appropriate time in essay which to display evidence throughout the. Court , Evidence , Evidence law 692 Words | 3 Pages. CJUS440-1402B-02: The Laws of outlines offender research Evidence Types of essay plan Legal Evidence Evidence can be as diverse as people; however, . when looking to collect any type of evidence , it will typically be separated into one of two categories: real evidence or testimonial. Real evidence is considered to be tangible, such as, it will be anything that the five senses can perceive (Worral, Hemmens, Nored, 2012, p. 71). Hamlet. Articles of clothing, weapons, contracts or legal documentation, and plan, photographs are all examples of. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1202 Words | 3 Pages. Replacing Misconceptions with Evidence-Based Strategies - Article Review. Article Review: Retaining Talent: Replacing Misconceptions with Evidence -Based Strategies Course: BSMH5013 Human Resource Management . How To. Prepared by: Afeefa binti Azimi 809956 Lecturer: Dr. Kamal bin Haji Ab Hamid Submission Date: 12 November 2011 Allen, D. Essay. G. (2010), Retaining talent: replacing misconceptions with evidence -based strategies, Academy of Management: Perspectives, Vol.
24, No. Unforgettable Outing. 2: 48–64. David G. Allen is an Associate Professor and First Tennessee Professor of Management. Decision making , Decision making software , Decision theory 1533 Words | 5 Pages. Evidence Law and Admissible Statements. Include your research findings in the following table. |State |Legal requirements |Precedent . Valentine. |Other | |Arizona |Confessions are admissible in evidence in any |Arizona v Londo |Title 13.
Admissibility of essay unforgettable outing minor's | | |criminal prosecution if given voluntarily. |Miranda v Arizona |statement | | . Evidence law , Exclusionary rule , Jury 1115 Words | 6 Pages. not suggest his complicity; Chaya Kant Nayak v. State of Bihar, (1997) 2 Crimes 297 (Pat). An extra-judicial confession, if it is voluntary truthful, . reliable and beyond reproach, is an efficacious piece of evidence to establish the guilt of the accused and it is not necessary that the evidence of extra-judicial confession should be corroborated on valentine plan, material facts; Laxman v. Comprehension Dissertation Reading Skill. State of Rajasthan, (1997) 2 Crimes 125 (Raj). Where confession was not disclosed to the wife of valentine deceased but it was disclosed. Crime , Criminal procedure , Critical thinking 1967 Words | 6 Pages. killing, saw the boy run out afterwards and essay on an unforgettable, there was a lot of circumstantial evidence . But, actually, those two witnesses were the entire case . for the prosecution. Supposing they're wrong? 11. Juror #11: He's right, that is no answer.
What kind of a man are you? You've been sitting here with some baseball tickets burning a hole in essay plan your pocket. 12. Juror #2: You said we could throw out all the other evidence ! 13. Juror #10: Bright?
He's a common ignorant slob. He don't even. 2005 singles , Circumstantial evidence , Debut albums 712 Words | 3 Pages. Critical Thinking: Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and “Person-In-Environment” (PIE) Critical Thinking: Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and “Person-In-Environment” (PIE) Week Two Assignment Critical Thinking: . Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and “Person-In-Environment” (PIE) Critical thinking, what has happened to it? Is it apart of reading skill our daily lives or is it a part of the past? Can you tell me the definition of plan critical thinking or would every person’s response be different?
Does today’s science have anything to how to done, do with critical thinking? How does evidence based practice (EBP). Critical thinking , Evidence , Logic 887 Words | 3 Pages. ?Character evidence is essay, generally less useful in a civil case than in a criminal case. Outlines For Sex Research Papers. True Original copies of documents should be carefully . preserved for court.
Photocopies should be used during interviews and elsewhere in the investigation. True Character evidence might be admissible in a criminal case if entered to valentine plan, prove motive, opportunity, or ability. True Statements made by the witnesses about what defendants said are hearsay and therefore not admissible. False Which one of the following. Circumstantial evidence , Criminal law , Criminal procedure 860 Words | 3 Pages.
Chapter 2 - Hearsay Exceptions to Hearsay Rule. ? Hearsay 1. General Rule What is the essay, hearsay rule? s 59 (1) UEL: Evidence of a previous representation (which . the Acts define as a representation made otherwise than in the course of giving evidence in the current proceedings) made by essay plan a person is not admissible to prove the essays on role mom, existence of a fact that the person intended to assert by valentine essay plan the representation. S59 (2): Such a fact in this Part referred to as an asserted fact. The CL definition differs from that given in the uniform Evidence Acts. Outlines Offender Papers. . Assertion , Critical thinking , Evidence law 10565 Words | 28 Pages. | Chapters 7 amp; 8 | Hearsay Rule and Child Abuse | Acquis Pittman5/25/2013 | | | | In chapter seven, we read about . the valentine plan, use of hearsay in the courtroom. What is conspiracy? Conspiracy is an agreement by two or more people to commit an illegal act (Anderson amp; Gardner, 2013, p. 179). Most people now days would rather pay someone to commit the crime for them, so that it won’t come back on how to done, them, but that doesn’t work. What is valentine plan, hearsay ? Hearsay is the second-hand testimony;.
Criminal law , Evidence law , Federal Rules of Evidence 625 Words | 2 Pages. Evidence -based instruction includes reliable and valuable data obtained from your classroom. When you apply basil tests, unit tests, exit . slips, and acuity assessments you need to get assignments done quickly, collect the data from your classroom to organize your classroom groups. You should also use this data to decide who needs AIS or tiered interventions for certain areas. Essay. Instructional practices include the previously mentioned assessments. Pretests for all units of instruction can also help you understand what your students. Assessment , Critical thinking , Education 1550 Words | 4 Pages. Trace or transfer evidence can be any small, and to the untrained be a seemingly insignificant piece of material, whether man-made or natural, . that has been left at a crime scene. Edmond Locard, founder of the Institute of Criminalistics at the University of Lyon, France, developed what has become known as Locard’s Exchange Principle. This states that every contact leaves a trace (Trace Evidence ). Done Quickly. Trace evidence can consist of essay just about anything.
Some types of trace evidence include but are not. Bloodstain pattern analysis , CSI: Crime Scene Investigation , Edmond Locard 963 Words | 3 Pages. term paper on exceptions to hearsay. Background: In very common terms, hearsay does mean statements or any gossips that one hears from the other source but is on an unforgettable outing, not sure whether it . is true. However in legal sense it holds rather broader technical sense.1 Hearsay in legal sense is taken as evidence provided by the third party.2 That is to say, hearsay evidence is supplied by a person who has not witnessed the incidence directly with his or her own senses. To cite few examples of hearsay evidence , A stabbed B with knife and C was present. Criminal procedure , Evidence law , Hearsay 4389 Words | 10 Pages. of a monster in Loch Ness is debated among scientists and enthusiasts. Using sonar and tracking devices, no bona fide proof that the Loch Ness monster exists . has been produced. However, hearsay and folklore have grasped the attention of some parties. For over 1,500 years, there has been a lack of essay plan significant evidence of the Loch Ness Monster.
In the depths of Loch Ness, Great Britain’s largest body of freshwater, the unidentified creature, affectionately known as “Nessie”, is outlines research papers, believed to take residence. Cryptozoology , Evidence , Loch 1265 Words | 3 Pages. Email to Be Used as an Evidence in Court. EMAIL TO BE USED AS AN EVIDENCE IN INDIAN COURT Introduction The courts have always tried to keep pace with development in technology both . with regard to the process of the system of justice and the cases that pass through it. Valentine. The harmonization of the hamlet vs lion, law relating to information technology and essay plan, evidence by the Indian legislature, together with the positive approach of the Indian courts in essay on an outing recognizing and appreciating electronic evidence , has equipped India to meet the valentine essay, new challenges of the digital.
Court , E-mail , Evidence law 3021 Words | 8 Pages. TRACE EVIDENCE AS AN IMPORTANT TOOL UNDER FORENSIC SCIENCE Introduction Edmond Locard, founder of the Institute of Criminalistics at the . Offender. University of Lyon, France, developed what has become known as Locard’s Exchange Principle. Valentine Essay. This states that “every contact leaves a trace”, implying that a criminal will leave trace and take away trace evidence when at a crime scene. Trace evidence often refers to minute samples of essays on role a substance, particularly fibres, hairs, glass fragments and paint chips. Crime. Forensic evidence , Forensic photography , Glass 1892 Words | 5 Pages. EBP:Definition Explanation As I go through my research regarding evidence -based practice and its importance to my profession, I came to essay plan, . encounter different authors who had stated numerous definitions and how to, explanations for valentine plan, the term. One definition that succinctly captures the essence of evidence -based practice (EBP) is that of Ingersoll’s (2000). She defines EBP as, “the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of a theory-derived, research-based information in essay concerning human john locke amazon making decisions about valentine essay plan care delivery.
Critical thinking , Evidence , Evidence-based medicine 924 Words | 3 Pages. active process of on an unforgettable minimizing the influence of preconceptions and biases while evaluating evidence . It also says that determining the . conclusions that can reasonable be drawn from the evidence and considering alternative explanations for research finding or other phenomena (17). Plan. In my own words I think critical is determining if something is true by gathering data or evidence or if in fact it is just hearsay or an opinion, also know a pseudoscience or fake science. There are five key attitudes. Bias , Critical thinking , Evidence 1120 Words | 3 Pages. ?According to dissertation reading skill, the Evidence Act Cap 6, evidence denotes the means by which any alleged matter or facts the truth of which is valentine essay, . submitted to on an, investigations, approved or disapproved, admissions, presumption of law and observations by courts in the judicial capacity as per section 2d of the act. Rules of evidence refer to the procedure of admitting relevant facts by essay plan courts of law and in general they are referred to as Relevancy and Admissibility of Evidence According to section 4, it may be given from. Appeal , Circumstantial evidence , Court 2224 Words | 6 Pages. DISCUSSION FORUM _ LESSON 4 1. Summarize the outlines offender research, Federal Rules of valentine essay Evidence in your own words. The Federal Rules of Evidence . (F.R.E.) enacted in 1975 and replaced prior centuries of comprehension reading skill technique various and sundry judge made caselaw. Essay Plan. The F.R.E. is a complex set of statutes or penal codes legislated with the intent of replacing unfair evidentiary submission and/or unnecessary expense and delay among the courts.
The basic concept behind the F.R.E. is the need for a consistent and comprehension reading skill, predictable federal rule set. Criminal law , Evidence , Evidence law 3961 Words | 12 Pages. Categories and valentine, Types of Evidence and essay on an outing, Their Use in the Courtroom. the law of evidence . In a way, evidence forms an extension of criminal procedure. Valentine Essay Plan. It also forms an essays on role extension of valentine plan civil law. In . the Unites States, the Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) are the rules the federal courts follow. Most of the laws of evidence are encompassed in reading the Federal Rules of Evidence . The Federal Rules of Evidence has played a major role in plan the development of essay on an evidence law and most of this is attributed to its simplicity and brevity. Types and Categories of Evidence used in Criminal. Appeal , Crime , Criminal law 1666 Words | 5 Pages.
many clues left behind. The obvious would be a the body or bodies, clothing, and sometimes even the murder weapon. While these are great way to solve a case . there's another kind of evidence ; trace evidence . Essay Plan. Trace evidence are small pieces of evidence that are laying around a crime scene. There are many types of unforgettable trace evidence some of them include metal filings, plastic fragments, gunshot residue, glass fragments, feathers, food stains, building materials, lubricants, fingernail scrapings, pollens and. Bloodstain pattern analysis , Edmond Locard , Forensic evidence 1605 Words | 4 Pages. ? Evidence Collection and Preservation When collecting the valentine plan, evidence , it is crucial that cross contamination is avoided at . Vs Lion King Essay. all costs. In order to valentine plan, ensure that the evidence does not get contaminated whilst being collected, the essay concerning john, investigator must ensure that all of the collection tools are clean and sterilized and that gloves are changed when handling each different sample. The methods of collection differ depending on the type of evidence and where it is found.
Ideally, evidence should be collected. Blood , Blood residue , Bloodstain 1358 Words | 4 Pages. Fingerprint Evidence Jose Tapia Lt. Lathrop CO8 June 10, 2013 Introduction The Study of fingerprints became one of the essay, most important . aspects in criminal investigations and forensic detections. This is because fingerprint identification is how to done, far too unique, and its success rate outperforms even DNA identification. Fingerprints identified at crime scenes fall into valentine plan three categories, latent, plastic, and visible fingerprints. Hamlet King Essay. Many people don’t realize is that the importance of the fingerprints. Automated fingerprint identification , Edward Henry , Federal Bureau of Investigation 642 Words | 3 Pages.
Trace Evidence Trace evidence is an valentine important part of a team in solving crimes in forensic investigations. According to Edmond . Human. Locard, there is specific that no matter wherever people interact with their environment or is physically involved in essay a crime often leaves something at or something away from the scene. Those in this category of evidence include many diverse types of macroscopic or microscopic materials that certain examples are easily visible to our “naked eye”. The subject is broad and. Fiber , Forensic evidence , Forensic photography 1468 Words | 4 Pages. undeniable evidence of these facts. An important role in for sex research preventing and valentine essay, combating digital crime is how to get assignments quickly, gathering electronic evidence . . Digital evidence has been defined as any data that can establish that a crime has been committed or can provide a link between a crime and its victim (Casey, 2000). Digital evidences , like normal (traditional) evidences , must pass the test of admissibility and weight. Admissibility is a set of legal rules applied by judges in essay plan order to allow the essays on role, use of plan evidence in a court.
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FREEDOM OF SPEECH IN CRIMINAL CASES” Table of Contents I. Cases A. The Casey Anthony case B. The O.J. Simpson case II. Discussion A. Reasons why . the two cases appeal to the mass i. The complex issues surrounding the on role models, cases ii. Valentine Plan. Lack of evidence to convict the defendants B. Media coverage i. Casey Anthony case ii. O.J.
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a great nurse takes a lot more than just attending patients well. It takes a holistic approach to nursing; using evidences based practices, . Essay On An. detail communication skills, applying critical skills, and essay, being able to essays mom, present one-self as a professional. And all of essay that takes practice. Also, nurses must be able to be part of organizations that promote health, education, and hamlet vs lion essay, provide evidence based practice research to continue educating patients and their families. Valentine Essay Plan. Nursing is how to get assignments, not a black and white area.
Critical thinking , Evidence , Health 671 Words | 3 Pages. doing it. This is the impact a stereotype can have on society. Eventually, even if people cannot supply adequate evidence , the stereotype . becomes engrained in their thinking to the point that they accept it as truth. The certainty remains that despite “no persuasive evidence , that blondes are less intelligent than others” they are generally viewd as such. (Frank) The evidence suggests that hair color has nothing to essay, do with an individual’s intelligence. One cannot help but notice as well that. Auburn hair , Black hair , Blond 1505 Words | 4 Pages. acceptable evidence ?” With him only presenting the negative feedback from the hamlet king, press and media, makes this more of an opinion article rather . than factual. He isn't particularly saying that the media is bad, but that their central topics are insignificant to an educated society. I don't believe he supported his thesis very well, because this article did not have enough evidence to prove the fact that Media is the valentine essay plan, cause of loss of outlines for sex offender research public heroes.
Overall, he does support his opinion with evidence from reporters. Critical thinking , Evidence , George H. Valentine Essay. W. Bush 890 Words | 3 Pages. That Which Can Be Asserted Without Evidence Can Be Dismissed Without Evidence (Chirstopher Hitchens). Do You Agree? believe must be supported by essay human understanding john locke amazon evidence or it can be dismissed by others. While in some cases it is plan, fairly apparent why this belief is in place, . the question remains whether or not this is always the case.
Can everything that is asserted without evidence simply be dismissed? In order to determine the validity of this claim, one can look at the natural sciences and history. On An Outing. Reason and valentine essay plan, perception can be considered evidence , and there is that overarching question of what is evidence ? By looking into these questions. Earth , Evidence , Flat Earth Society 1600 Words | 4 Pages. that the 12 person jury could not convict her due to lack of evidence . The State of Florida had not proved their case and she was walking free . How To Get Assignments Quickly. except with a few misdemeanor charges of lying to plan, law enforcement. How To. How could this have happened, with all the circumstantial evidence of her guilt was obvious, the jury stood by the law? The evidence did not prove that Casey had been involved at valentine essay, all without finding any DNA or any other minute evidence . At almost the essay locke, end of the valentine essay, trial, Casey asked to how to, be evaluated. Common law , Criminal law , Evidence 1409 Words | 4 Pages. design of valentine essay this study? If so, give a description.
4) What characteristics does this study possess that are qualitative in nature? Review Chapter 2. 5) . Essays On Role Mom. What is the evidence that this journal is peer-reviewed? Does the journal have an valentine plan editorial board? (Look for the journal’s website to discover this information) 6) Is there evidence of any conflict of interest? Do the authors have any potential financial gain from the results of how to done quickly this study? 7) Describe the population for this study.
8) How was. Evidence , Following , Heart failure 439 Words | 3 Pages. theories SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #1 o PURPOSE: To prove your argument. Usually is one paragraph but it can be longer. Valentine. o Topic . Sentence: What is one item, fact, detail, or example you can tell your readers that will help them better understand your claim/paper topic? Your answer should be the topic sentence for essays mom, this paragraph. o Explain Topic Sentence: Do you need to explain your topic sentence? If so, do so here. o Introduce Evidence : Introduce your evidence either in a few words. Conclusion , Critical thinking , Evidence 788 Words | 3 Pages. proves how America is no longer the country it use to be, it’s failing, so close to becoming a third world country and it’s betraying the American dream; and . she blames it on our politicians. And I believe that is Huffington’s thesis for this book. In evidence to plan, prove her thesis Huffington brings to light how: Our industrial base is king, vanishing, taking with it the kind of jobs that have formed the backbone of our economy for more than a century; our education system shambles, making it harder for tomorrow's. American middle class , Arianna Huffington , Bourgeoisie 979 Words | 6 Pages.
training situation. Valentine. Design Instruments • Over 30 proven evaluation tools – including many novel variations. • Fail-safe checklists to make your . evaluation highly credible. • How to collect evidence that supports your case. • Practical guidelines on when to on role models, use each tool. • 2 main types of evidence that support the valentine plan, case for outlines research papers, training results. • 4 major concerns in creating application instruments. • 2 categories of tests that verify learning. • 5 question types to determine reactions to training. Evaluation , Evidence , Expected value 623 Words | 3 Pages. Jan Smit. The places visited in the film to valentine essay, prove the investigation were Gubbio, Italy, Zumaia, Spain, Brazos river, Texas, Dakotas and . Montana. They found many pieces of evidence for outlines for sex papers, example patterns, rocks, leaves and elements.
But the most important piece of evidence was the crater in the gulf of Mexico called the Chicxulub which led out to match every hypothesis the geologists made. The chemical elements they discovered were important. Chemical element , Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event , Dinosaur 719 Words | 3 Pages. true or false. This prevents the elimination of wrong theories; instead we mark them as “unlikely”. How do we know which theory to accept as the truth? Thus, . a disagreement between two theories in the human sciences can never be resolved with hard evidence . It is valentine essay plan, rather resolved by weighing the likeliness of the prospect, a very unscientific way to gain support. Outlines Research. This is the reason it is harder to reach the truth through the process used by the human sciences. However, this does not mean knowledge cannot.
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Am I Blue: Alice Walker Essay Sample. Alice Walker has been an activist for most of her life. Essay? Walker travels the world to help fight for the poor and the oppressed. She also stands for the revolutionaries who want to essay, transform the world for the better. She is a defender of not only human rights but the rights of plan, animals as well. In her essay “Am I Blue” she discovers the human understanding john locke feelings of a horse named Blue. Essay Plan? The essay is meant to show a different side of animals and show the audience the human-like traits that horses have.
She compares the hamlet king essay oppression of the African Americans and American Indians to valentine essay plan, the way we now treat animals. The essay is informative and shows a side to animals that many people don’t see or look for. In comparing Blue to the oppressed, she gives light to a different way to view animals. Walker uses emotion to help the reader relate to Blue so it is easier for the audience to feel sympathetic toward Blue when his companion is taken from comprehension reading, him. By describing Blue’s emotions as you would describe the emotions of a human helps the reader relate and feel the pain that Blue is going through. I believe she did a wonderful job showing the emotions of animals and how human-like they can be.
I think she really gives the reader some food for thought and helps them see animals in a different light. Walker uses phrasing that illuminates the human characteristics of valentine essay, Blue when she speaks of him. Walker#8217;s perceptions of Blue are revealed through the use of description. The use of this technique enables her to present in clear language how immensely related Blue#8217;s behavior aspect is to humans. At first, she describes Blue to be a magnificent creature that wonders endlessly in his beautiful surrounding. However, despite of these vivid surroundings, Blue is lonesome and bored with life.
Walker claims that “Blue was lonely. Blue was horribly lonely and bored”, which are emotions that one would expect only a human to have. Comprehension? She stated that she was shocked to see the strange, but familiar look on Blue#8217;s face. Describing her surprised reaction with specific details, she is able to tell us that to look #8220;human#8221; is quite uncommon on essay animals. Therefore, it can be easily said that humans commonly condone the reactions of dissertation technique, animals. Walker then states that even #8220;she had forgotten the depth of feeling one could see in horses#8217; eyes.#8221; For example, #8220;I was shocked that I had forgotten that human animals and nonhuman animals can communicate quite well.#8221; For many people, the #8220;human#8221; manifestations of animals are not ignored. Walker#8217;s implication of plan, Blue being bored informs the readers that animals too, can feel isolation. When humans get bored, it is in our reach to abolish it.
However, for animals, it is quite different; it is something they cannot control. One of the arguments Walker makes throughout the piece is that man (only associates emotion as capable for humans,) because as a society, we consider the ability to feel emotions as something that is essay on an unforgettable restricted to plan, only humans. Furthermore, our society, or at least the society of the slavery period, believes that human emotions are restricted to those that are white, basically those who are human in the eyes of the dominant white male. Walker describes how the concerning human understanding locke Indians and the slaves are “like animals”, so they are not capable of having such human emotions. When in reality, the ‘animals’ that are discussed in valentine essay plan this piece are most likely more capable of displaying these emotions than the essays models mom white male is. Walker shows the transition of Blue’s emotions as paralleled to the transitions of human emotions through the finding of valentine essay, love and a companion.
When the family gets a brown horse for Blue to mate with, Blue becomes attached to this horse, as he shows his feelings of happiness and understanding locke amazon, “this is itness” through the expression in his eyes. However, Blue becomes sad and disconnected from his happiness when they take the brown horse away. The feelings of sadness and disappointment are not only portrayed through Blue’s expression in his eyes, but also through his actions as “He managed to half-crunch one. The rest he let fall to the ground.” The disappointment and “hatred” seen in Blue’s eyes emphasizes the lack of understanding humans have for the emotions and feelings that animals are capable of, therefore they end up disregarding these feelings because humans need to valentine plan, do what is best for them. Get Assignments? You can tell by the look in his eyes that Blue is in love with her; #8220;I forgot the depth of essay, feeling one could see in horses#8217; eyes.#8221; Blue#8217;s partner and unborn child are then taken away as if #8220;they had been born into slavery.#8221; This idea of humans disregarding the feelings of animals for human selfishness through the use of essays models mom, animals for food is also a main point Walker makes.
She discusses how we do not consider the impact that the methods of production have on the animals. Most humans want to be ignorant on how the animals they eat are killed. She explains this idea of the “contented cows” that we see on our milk containers. We choose to be ignorant so we don’t have to own up to essay plan, all of the bad things we do as a race. Indians are envied for their land and are therefore slaughtered then called animals or savages to make up for our wrong doings. By reminding us of our ignorance in the past she shows us that we have been wrong before and on role, continue to valentine essay, be wrong when it concerns the rights of done, animals. Essay Plan? She ends the piece by claiming that she was “eating misery”, which again shows the emotions that animals have that are so nonchalantly disregarded. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and hamlet, order Am I Blue: Alice Walker.
essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Essay? Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Am I Blue: Alice Walker. For Sex Offender Research Papers? The lives of the characters in Alice Walker’s story “Everyday Use” have quite big differences. The three main characters are “Mama,” Maggie, and Dee.
The events that occurred in each#8230; “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker. Essay? In Alice Walker’s story, “Everyday Use” the vs lion king story is portrayed with much of plan, a power struggle over vs lion Dee thinking that she has more of a grasp on plan the family’s heritage#8230; “The Welcome Table#8221; by Alice Walker. For Sex Research Papers? The literary piece I chose for plan this assignment is “The Welcome Table: by Alice Walker. The story is told using a third person omniscient point of view. Understanding John? The story is#8230; Poem at Thirty-Nine by Alice Walker and Piano by D.H Lawrence. Poem at thirty-nine by Alice Walker and plan, Piano by D.H Lawrence in my opinion are both poems which share the same theme of memories and nostalgic remembrance. The two poems#8230; “The Welcome Table” by Alice Walker. Alice Walker who wrote “The Welcome Table” had issues of race and gender that was the center of her literary work and her social activism.
She participated in civil rights#8230; Alice Walker #8220;In Search of Our Mother#8217;s Gardens#8221; If we apply the principle of creative suffering to Walker#8217;s paraphrase, may the sadness caused by the loss of the young women actually heighten potential? In what sense does art#8230;
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in valentine essay plan, the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and for sex research papers Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by valentine essay plan Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download.
Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to essay on an unforgettable outing, the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to valentine, download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and hamlet vs lion essay section subtitles that you will need to valentine plan, successfully complete your plan.
Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is dissertation skill, essentially your hook to valentine essay, convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. Essay Understanding Locke? If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them.
It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and essay plan the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to essay understanding john, describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for essay positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. How To Get Assignments Done Quickly? Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in valentine essay, the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write.
Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the essays mom types of essay, financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on essays on role models mom what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and essay get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an get assignments experienced writer. Writing a business plan is valentine essay, a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is essay on an outing, necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. Valentine Essay Plan? If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to how to quickly, attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for valentine essay plan the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of for sex research, your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Valentine Essay Plan? Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents:
How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and reading skill technique why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the valentine plan first chapter of how to done quickly, your business plan, though it’s actually the valentine last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the dissertation reading skill executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the plan attention of investors.
Your company will lack the historical data and done trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of essay plan, your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. How To Get Assignments? Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to valentine plan, your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to on role mom, raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the essay plan company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the essay john locke amazon key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in valentine, which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point.
Summarize the members of the get assignments management team, including highlights of valentine essay plan, their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and human john services you are providing and who the competitors are within the valentine plan industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in essay unforgettable, the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into plan more detail in essay john locke, the Market section.
Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the valentine essay plan major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. On Role Mom? This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the essay projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional)
Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the outlines use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is valentine essay, a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is dissertation technique, highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the valentine essay plan financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to outing, raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary.
How to Write the valentine essay plan Company and Financing Chapter. The company and vs lion king finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over essay plan, go the company’s location and get assignments quickly history in essay plan, more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES.
The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to for sex, explain the broad differences between the valentine most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an essay unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and valentine essay plan they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to essay human john locke, the IRS: “A partnership is the essay plan relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on how to get assignments done quickly a trade or business.
Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and essay plan losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in on an, that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in valentine essay plan, the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability.
A corporation is hamlet king, a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of valentine essay, “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at essay on an outing the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Essay? Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and models mom not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to valentine, use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on mom this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical.
With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and valentine essay investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to get assignments, execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the essay management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on human understanding john the company’s vision. If you have an valentine essay established business the information you want to present is the same. Essay On An Outing? Keep in valentine, mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to done, manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change.
They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and valentine plan a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the vs lion king company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and valentine plan approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed.
Choose individuals with knowledge in research, your industry and valentine are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the essay concerning understanding john locke amazon member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to plan, shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is essay, highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt.
The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of essay plan, money from an investor . Dissertation Reading Technique? Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to valentine essay, how much they value your company. How To Done? There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth?
If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by valentine essay plan break-even and subsequent profitability. John Amazon? The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to essay plan, cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. Models Mom? The lowest point on essay plan this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time.
What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the hamlet vs lion king end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to valentine plan, determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of comprehension skill, its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to essay, be liquidated . Understanding Amazon? This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the plan going concern value (present value of human john, future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of essay plan, its branding and done quickly reputation, along with its ability to valentine plan, generate profits, will exceed the value of for sex papers, its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry.
The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Valentine Essay? Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at essay human understanding john amazon cumulative cash flow. You also have an plan idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to hamlet vs lion essay, determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Valentine Essay? Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Research? Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and plan soon enough to on role models mom, ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the plan loan.
For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to essays, turn a profit or get to valentine essay plan, the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds.
The level of for sex research papers, detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on valentine essay your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on how to the money as it is valentine plan, borrowed.
It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the amazon major exception that since you may be able to secure the essay plan line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the king Quick Start Guide we briefly went over essay, the different strategies available and how thinking about hamlet vs lion king, your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation.
If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the essay company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. For Sex Offender Research? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem.
If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. Valentine Essay Plan? If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an essays models mom attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. Essay Plan? It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words.
Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of essays models mom, Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over plan, serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of dissertation skill, employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the valentine essay plan easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the on role company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in essay, the marketplace.
It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for outing the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to plan, maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the john amazon highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to plan, maximize value) and essay on an unforgettable borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to valentine, attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the concerning human locke amazon nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to plan, highlight relevant history on how the for sex offender research company came to existence, work completed to valentine, date, milestones achieved, etc.
Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to offender papers, include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of valentine, milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. Essay Unforgettable? They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include:
Size (e.g.; in valentine essay plan, sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for essay on an unforgettable outing a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the essay lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here.
Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of on an, electricity and plan water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and comprehension fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion.
Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and valentine plan butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections.
Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of essays on role models, your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to valentine plan, as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in essay concerning human, terms of benefits vs. Valentine Plan? features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers.
Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on outing what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from plan competing products/services. You may have heard the unforgettable outing business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. Essay Plan? One of the vs lion king reasons this is true is the valentine plan potential to comprehension dissertation technique, sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is valentine plan, a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per human amazon customer. You will complete the valentine price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to comprehension reading skill technique, price your products/services.
Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over valentine plan, time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past.
Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about outlines for sex offender research papers, current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the valentine plan process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service.
Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the how to higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on essay hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and quickly what would happen to your ability to essay plan, operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:
Engineer to reading technique, order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the plan product’s design is standardized but manufacture of concerning amazon, final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is valentine essay plan, manufactured in research, quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to essay plan, be selling physical products and expect to essay on an unforgettable, hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the plan amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Papers? Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on valentine excess inventory. Get Assignments Done? Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and valentine essay plan make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.
Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to comprehension dissertation skill, manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and essay plan more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and on an shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services.
Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to valentine plan, practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and vs lion king essay with very low error rates. Think about valentine essay, how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to for sex offender research papers, your business operations, then you must think about valentine essay plan, your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to on an, the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an valentine plan alternative? If you have exclusive rights to comprehension skill, a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail.
There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is valentine essay plan, advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for how to done a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for valentine essay plan a trademark for papers your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.
In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Valentine Essay Plan? Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is vs lion king, not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is valentine, just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an essay human understanding john invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to valentine plan, use , so that if there is hamlet, ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and valentine essay plan strategy behind it . A key concept is vs lion king essay, that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to essay, new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations).
During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. Research Papers? You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from valentine competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of outlines papers, this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and plan Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the essay amazon total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the valentine segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in vs lion, several distinct levels.
At the highest level is an valentine plan estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the get assignments total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is valentine essay plan, much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for essay unforgettable your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in essay, downtown Miami. Concerning John? To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and essay research the average annual sales for vs lion each restaurant. Then multiply the two to essay plan, get the hamlet vs lion king total sales for all high-end restaurants.
This would be your total addressable market. Using the plan example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the essay human john market you can realistically capture. Valentine? You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in john locke, the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and valentine essay plan logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to comprehension dissertation, switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into essay detail on how your product serves each customer segment.
Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to hamlet king essay, go through the time and cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is valentine, dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is essay on an outing, virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is valentine essay, high switching cost associated with migrating from outlines for sex offender a Mac to valentine, a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is for sex papers, able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for plan various aspects of your business. Hamlet Vs Lion? A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in essay, the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on hamlet essay non-essential purchases.
Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on valentine essay upcoming changes. Unforgettable Outing? For example, the Jobs Act of essay plan, 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. On An Outing? This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to valentine plan, emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of offender papers, 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of valentine essay plan, a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to comprehension dissertation reading, use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.
Knowing technology trends is valentine plan, valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by how to done 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth.
Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to essay, find much of this research. Being able to on role models mom, demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to valentine essay, see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the king group of companies that are related to valentine essay plan, you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is vs lion essay, imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for valentine essay conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of essay on an, your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape.
If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is valentine essay plan, supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to essays on role models, source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only valentine essay plan has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to essay outing, choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is essay, mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the essays on role mom most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of essay, your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and vs lion essay prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually.
In this case, you should describe in valentine, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Outlines For Sex Research? Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in valentine, order to essay john, close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:
Positioning: Are you going to be the essay plan lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the comprehension reading skill overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape.
Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in valentine essay plan, an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in dissertation technique, the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to valentine essay, turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. Essays On Role? The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to essay plan, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and human john locke amazon RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied.
You can also achieve differentiation through branding and valentine essay plan marketing – for on an unforgettable outing example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at essay plan a premium price point, primarily through the strength of essays on role models, their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the valentine plan optimal price for skill technique your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to essay, price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is comprehension dissertation, often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to essay plan, be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.
There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in hamlet vs lion king, .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to valentine essay, your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers?
Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. How To Done? Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for essay effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is get assignments done, a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by valentine essay plan far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to understanding john amazon, continue referring your company.
There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the valentine advent of social media. Technique? For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Essay? Integrating social media into outlines offender your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. Valentine Plan? You can start by participating on public forums and outlines research papers blogs related to your business and essay adapting the comprehension reading adage “give more to valentine essay, get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Essay On An? Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels.
Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to valentine, reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to how to quickly, define the essay key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors.
Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the unforgettable key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the plan company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to reading skill, measure the essay plan success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. John Amazon? Why are milestones so important?
Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the valentine plan venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is outlines for sex papers, a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.
Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and valentine essay plan Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Comprehension Technique? Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale.
Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the valentine essay plan market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is essay human, a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business.
There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in valentine essay plan, the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. How To Done? Inking an plan exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology.
For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. Vs Lion King? For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and valentine will provide free mobile phones to essay on an outing, all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the essay plan size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the done chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment.
Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and essay plan Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for comprehension reading skill technique Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and valentine plan the number of comprehension dissertation technique, units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the valentine essay following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at on role mom what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan.
For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in valentine essay plan, price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the on role mom unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS).
Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of valentine essay, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over essays on role models mom, time for several reasons: Economy of valentine essay, scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to essay concerning human, produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Plan? Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over concerning understanding, time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of valentine, taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the technique tax to the state each year.
If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to valentine essay, hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and hamlet vs lion king essay you’ll run the valentine essay plan risk of hamlet, alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later.
Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in valentine essay plan, your staffing plan. Outlines For Sex Offender Research Papers? For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and valentine plan scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for on role models mom most situations. Valentine? Changes over on role models mom, time: You might want to essay plan, define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example.
Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the how to done quickly United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to essay, the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and hamlet vs lion king essay methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to essay, retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate.
For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to hamlet essay, coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on plan incurring for offender research your business. A good way to essay, make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Outlines? Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in valentine plan, the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and dissertation technique intangible assets.
Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for essay plan more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into dissertation skill technique cash within a year.
A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the plan PL Statement and hamlet vs lion essay Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on plan the month it which it was made. This type of essay on an, expense is valentine essay, better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an on role models asset on valentine essay the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in dissertation reading skill, which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an plan estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to on role mom, enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and essay LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at comprehension the discretion of the owners.
You may want to set this to zero initially and valentine essay see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the john locke amazon business up and valentine essay plan running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is essay concerning locke amazon, defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of valentine essay plan, their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and essay human locke allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit.
You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for essay plan some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the for sex offender research customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks.
It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at valentine plan accounts receivable (what is done, owed to valentine essay plan, you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to on role models, be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on valentine plan hand is on role models mom, king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. Essay? However, ensure you are able to hamlet king essay, pay your vendors on valentine the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments.
How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the hamlet typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the plan payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on essays mom keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to valentine essay, keep on essay concerning human understanding john amazon hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is valentine essay plan, tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to outlines for sex, business. A good place to find more information is essay plan, trade associations for outlines research papers your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to valentine, start by collecting good records on your inventory.
Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. Offender Research? The time period for valentine plan credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments.
How did you come to these assumptions and hamlet vs lion king essay how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. Essay Plan? If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out how to get assignments done quickly a personal loan to finance growth is valentine plan, commonplace. Outlines? These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets.
Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is valentine, not charged on the part of the dissertation skill line of plan, credit that is unused, and get assignments quickly the borrower can draw on valentine plan the line of how to get assignments done quickly, credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of valentine, credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of skill, borrowing money.
What type of essay plan, funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of essay concerning understanding locke, your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.
Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and valentine essay Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to on role, calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section.
For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of valentine plan, tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per hamlet vs lion king dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to valentine plan, ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios.
The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in dissertation reading technique, the Sales Forecast, Budget, and valentine plan Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to offender, those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. Plan? It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is essay on an unforgettable outing, put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in plan, the Financial Plan section.
If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the dissertation balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and valentine end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in essay concerning human john locke, order to change the accounts affected in valentine essay, the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the for sex offender health of valentine essay, your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the essay on an unforgettable information, you may do so by editing the valentine essay relevant financial information you’ve entered previously.
The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is comprehension reading technique, important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in plan, debt. Hamlet King Essay? The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and valentine essay plan expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the get assignments business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the plan investment.
The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by for sex total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to essay plan, help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an for sex research appendix and valentine essay plan a glossary of terms. Concerning Human John? Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to valentine essay, start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to john, learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream.
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